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Endometrial Biopsy

What Affects the Test

Reasons you may not be able to have the endometrial biopsy or why the results may not be helpful include:

  • If you are pregnant. An endometrial biopsy is not done during pregnancy.
  • If a vaginal or cervical infection is present. The infection could spread to the uterus if an endometrial biopsy is done.
  • If the endometrial biopsy sample is not large enough to see abnormal cells. Another test may be needed.

What To Think About

  • An endometrial biopsy is not done during pregnancy.
  • More of the uterine lining can be sampled during a dilation and curettage (D&C) than during an endometrial biopsy. Another test, called a hysteroscopy, is usually done with a D&C so that your doctor can see the lining of your uterus. A hysteroscopy may also be done instead of a D&C. To learn more, see the topic Hysteroscopy.
  • An endometrial biopsy is not usually done during or after menopause unless a woman has abnormal vaginal bleeding.

Other Works Consulted

  • Pagana KD, Pagana TJ (2010). Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests, 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby.

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerSarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerFemi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology
Last RevisedOctober 22, 2012
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WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: October 22, 2012
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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