These common bacteria are usually harmless. They often live in your intestines without giving you any problem.
But klebsiella pneumoniae can be dangerous if they get into other parts of your body, especially if you’re already sick. They can turn into “superbugs” that are almost impossible to fight with common antibiotics. The germs can give you pneumonia, infect your wound or blood, and cause other serious problems.
Who Gets It?
Infections are rare in healthy people because their immune systems are strong enough to fend off the germs. But infections are more likely if you have health problems like:
- Kidney failure
- Liver disease
- Lung disease
Taking certain antibiotics for a long time or other treatments also can raise your chances for a klebsiella infection.
How Do You Catch It?
These germs don’t spread through the air. You need direct contact to get sick. One way would be to touch a cut on your skin with dirty hands.
Most infections happen in hospitals, nursing homes, and other places with lots of sick people. The germs can also spread when they get on medical devices like:
They depend on where the infection is. For example, if the bacteria gives you pneumonia, you may have:
- Chest pain
- Trouble breathing
- More mucus, which may be thick and bloody
Klebsiella pneumoniae can hit other parts of your body, too. For example, your surgical wound could be infected. You could also get an infection in your:
- Blood (bacteremia or septicemia)
- Brain (meningitis)
- Heart (endocarditis)
- Skin (cellulitis)
- Urinary tract (UTIs)
If you or a loved one has signs of infection, talk to your doctor. Symptoms alone can’t tell whether klebsiella is the cause. So your doctor will test your spit, blood, urine, or other fluids to find out what type of bug is to blame.
Klebsiellainfections can be dangerous, so doctors start treatment with antibiotics right away. Examples include cephalosporins (cefotaxime and ceftriaxone) and carbapenems (imipenem or cilastatin).
If your doctor prescribes antibiotics, take them just as it says on the bottle. If you stop taking them too soon, the infection may come back.
If you have an antibiotic-resistant infection, your doctor will decide the best way to treat it. They’ll probably try a different type of antibiotic or a combination of them.
Most people who get a klebsiella infection recover. But some cases can be deadly, especially pneumonia in people who are already very sick.
One of the best ways to protect yourself is simple. Always wash your hands before you:
And wash your handsafter you:
- Use the bathroom
- Blow your nose, cough, or sneeze
- Touch things that might have germs on them, especially in doctor’s offices or hospitals
If you check into the hospital for treatment, take steps to protect yourself.
- Before you go, make sure to follow your treatment plan for any ongoing health conditions, like diabetes.
- Ask the staff what they do to prevent infections.
- Tell your nurse or doctor if your bandages get wet or IV tubes fall out of place.
- If you need a catheter or other device, ask to have it taken out as soon as you don't need it anymore.
- Ask anyone who comes into your room to wash their hands first.
- Teach your family about fever and other signs of infection so they can call for help quickly.