Bunions can develop at any time and are found in both children and adults. You are at increased risk for having bunions if you:
- Are female. Women are much more likely than men to get bunions.
- Wear shoes that are too tight or narrow, too small, or high-heeled. This is one reason bunions are more common in women. Men's shoes tend to fit the actual size of their feet more closely.
- Have abnormal rolling inward of the foot while walking (excessive pronation ).
- Have a family history of bunions.
- Have rheumatoid arthritis, which can cause swelling and deformity around the big toe joint (and other joints).
- Have gout, a form of arthritis that often occurs in the big toe joint.
- Have a job or hobby (such as running) that places considerable stress on the foot.
- Have flatfoot or low arches.