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American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: "Frequently Asked Questions," "Tools for Patients: Before You Get Pregnant." “Preconception Carrier Screening."
American Dental Association, Mouth Healthy: "Healthy Habits."
ASPCA: "Preparing Your Dog for a New Baby."
CDC: "Tobacco Use and Pregnancy."
Center for Science in the Public Interest: "Caffeine Content of Food & Drugs."
Childbirth Connection: "Planning Pregnancy."
EPA.gov: "10 Fast Facts on Recycling."
FamilyDoctor.org: "Things to Think About Before You're Pregnant."
Jensen, T. BMJ, August 1998.
March of Dimes: "Caffeine in Pregnancy," "Preterm Birth: Are You at Risk?"
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Your Pregnancy and Childbirth: Month to Month, Women's Health Care Physicians, 2010.
United States Department of Agriculture: "Cost of Raising a Child Calculator."
Weng, X. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2008.
Womenshealth.gov: "Preconception Health."
Reviewed by Kecia Gaither, MD, MPH on November 25, 2019
This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
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