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American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: "Frequently Asked Questions," "Tools for Patients: Before You Get Pregnant." “Preconception Carrier Screening."
American Dental Association, Mouth Healthy: "Healthy Habits."
ASPCA: "Preparing Your Dog for a New Baby."
CDC: "Tobacco Use and Pregnancy."
Center for Science in the Public Interest: "Caffeine Content of Food & Drugs."
Childbirth Connection: "Planning Pregnancy."
EPA.gov: "10 Fast Facts on Recycling."
FamilyDoctor.org: "Things to Think About Before You're Pregnant."
Jensen, T. BMJ, August 1998.
March of Dimes: "Caffeine in Pregnancy," "Preterm Birth: Are You at Risk?"
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Your Pregnancy and Childbirth: Month to Month, Women's Health Care Physicians, 2010.
United States Department of Agriculture: "Cost of Raising a Child Calculator."
Weng, X. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2008.
Womenshealth.gov: "Preconception Health."
Reviewed by Kecia Gaither, MD, MPH on November 25, 2019
This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.
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