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What are the different types of Burkitt lymphoma?

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In the World Health Organization classification, there are three types of Burkitt lymphoma:

  • Endemic (African). Endemic Burkitt lymphoma primarily affects African children ages 4 to 7 and is twice as common in boys.
  • Sporadic (non-African). Sporadic Burkitt lymphoma occurs worldwide. Globally, it accounts for 1% to 2% of adult lymphoma cases. In the U.S. and Western Europe, it accounts for up to 40% of pediatric lymphoma cases.
  • Immunodeficiency-associated. This variant of Burkitt lymphoma is most common in people with HIV/AIDS. It accounts for 30% to 40% of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in HIV patients and may be an AIDS-defining disease. It also can occur in people with congenital conditions that cause immune deficiency and in organ transplant patients who take immunosuppressive drugs.

From: Burkitt Lymphoma WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals: "Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas." Ferry, J. , 2006. Macmillan.org: "Burkitt lymphoma and Burkitt-like lymphoma." Merck Manual Home Edition: "Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas." Perkins, A. , 2008.




The OncologistHematology

Reviewed by William Blahd on July 11, 2017

SOURCES: Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals: "Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas." Ferry, J. , 2006. Macmillan.org: "Burkitt lymphoma and Burkitt-like lymphoma." Merck Manual Home Edition: "Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas." Perkins, A. , 2008.




The OncologistHematology

Reviewed by William Blahd on July 11, 2017

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What are the symptoms of Burkitt lymphoma?

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