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What are testicles?

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The testicles (sometimes called testes) are oval-shaped organs a little smaller than a golf ball that hang from the base of a man’s torso. They rest in a sac of skin known as the scrotum, located beneath the penis. They make the sperm that fertilizes a woman’s egg to create a baby as well. They also make hormones such as testosterone.

SOURCES:

NIH. National Cancer Institute. “General Information About Testicular Cancer,” “SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Testis Cancer,” “Testicular Cancer Screening.”

National Center for Biotechnology Information, “Glossary Database.”

American Cancer Society, “What Is Testicular Cancer?” “How is testicular cancer diagnosed?”

Urology Care Foundation, “How Do You Do a Testicular Self-Exam?”

National Institutes of Health, National Library of Medicine.

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on July 2, 2020

SOURCES:

NIH. National Cancer Institute. “General Information About Testicular Cancer,” “SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Testis Cancer,” “Testicular Cancer Screening.”

National Center for Biotechnology Information, “Glossary Database.”

American Cancer Society, “What Is Testicular Cancer?” “How is testicular cancer diagnosed?”

Urology Care Foundation, “How Do You Do a Testicular Self-Exam?”

National Institutes of Health, National Library of Medicine.

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on July 2, 2020

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What are the different kinds of testicular cancers?

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