Understanding Cancer -- Prevention

Medically Reviewed by Gabriela Pichardo, MD on November 12, 2021

How Can I Prevent Cancer?

Tips for cancer prevention include:

  • Avoid smoking. If you do smoke, quit.
  • Avoid too much sun exposure and wear sunscreen outdoors.
  • Eat a nutritious diet - one that is rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and low in saturated/trans fat, red meat, and processed meat - and exercise regularly.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Get proper cancer screening for your age, gender, and risk factors.
  • Take proper precautions around carcinogens and industrial chemicals, such as wearing gloves and making sure there is enough ventilation.
  • Watch your alcohol intake.
  • Eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains and low in saturated/trans fat, red meat, and processed meat.
  • Protect against sexually transmitted infections. Vaccinate girls and boys against HPV.

Show Sources


National Cancer Institutes. 

WebMD Medical Reference from the American College of Physicians: "Oncology I Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention."

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