If one of your legs is red, swollen, painful, or warm, get it checked out right away. A number of conditions can cause these symptoms. Some of them are harmless. Others are much more serious.
Learn when it’s nothing serious and when you should get checked by a doctor.
Deep Vein Thrombosis
This is a blood clot that forms in a vein deep inside your body, most often in your leg.
You can get DVT at any age, and several things can cause it. Some of them are:
- Injury to a vein
- Bed rest
- Sitting for a long time, such as on a flight
- Birth control pills
- Hormone replacement therapy
- Chronic diseases like heart disease, lung disease, cancer, Crohn’s disease, or ulcerative colitis
- Family history of DVT or pulmonary embolism
- A medical condition that increases your risk for blood clots
DVT normally affects just one leg. Symptoms include:
- Unequal swelling, where one leg is larger than the other
- Pain or tenderness when you stand or walk
- Red or discolored skin
About half of the people who get it won’t have any signs. You may not know you have a clot unless a piece of it breaks off and travels to your lung. That’s a medical emergency. Call 911 right away if you have:
- Shortness of breath
- Pain when you take a deep breath
- Coughing up blood
- Racing heart rate
- Rapid breathing
This happens when a blood clot forms in a vein just under your skin. If you have it, you may notice some or all of the following:
These symptoms are much like those for DVT. About 20% of people who have superficial thrombophlebitis also get a blood clot in their leg. Call your doctor if you notice anything unusual. He’ll be able to rule out a more serious problem.
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
Some of the symptoms are:
- Pain, numbness, aching, or heaviness in your legs when you walk
- Cramps in your feet, leg, or butt
- Sores or wounds on your feet or legs that don’t get better
- Pale or bluish-colored skin
- One leg feels cooler than the other
You’ll also have a greater risk for heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. But when you make changes to manage your condition, you’ll lower your chances of getting those, too. The same risks that lead to heart attacks and strokes also cause PAD. They include smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol.
These appear just beneath the surface of your skin. You get them when the valves inside your veins become weak or damaged. Normally, the valves help blood flow up to your heart. When they don’t work right, blood pools inside your veins. They swell and become large and rope-like.
If you have this condition, you’ll notice some or all of the following:
- Swollen ankles and feet
- Throbbing or cramping in your legs
- Itchy lower legs or ankles
- Achy, painful legs
- Heaviness in your legs
Varicose veins aren’t serious. Talk to your doctor about treatments.
These are a smaller type of varicose veins. They affect your capillaries, the smallest blood vessels in your body.
You’re most likely to get these on your legs or face. They look like a spider web or the branches on a tree. They’re usually a blue or reddish color. You may not like how they look, but they don’t cause any medical problems.