Home Remedies for Dry Eyes: What Works?

If your eyes sting and burn, look red, or feel gritty -- as if some sand is stuck in them -- you may have dry eye. This condition can happen when the tiny glands in and around your eyelids don't make enough tears to keep your peepers healthy and vision clear.
When tears do their job well, they keep the surface of the eye smooth, comfortable, and hydrated, and wash away dust and debris and protect it from infection. Healthy eyes make tears all day, every day, to stay moist.

But sometimes certain diseases, medications, or even just getting older causes your eyes to make fewer tears. Dry eye can also happen when your eyes don't make the right type of tears to clear out particles or keep the surface well-lubricated.
What you do to make your baby blues, browns, or greens more comfortable depends on what's causing your dry eyes.

In some cases, your doctor may need to treat an underlying issue or disease; or she may prescribe special medications to help your eyes make more of their own tears, or suggest ways to stop tears from draining away from your eyes too quickly.

There are also steps you can take yourself to ease the scratchy, irritating symptoms of dry eyes. Try these simple home remedies to find relief:

Warm Compresses

Tears are made of oil, water, and mucus. Your eyes need all three parts to stay moist and healthy. Inflamed and flaky eyelids may clog the oil-making glands along the edge of your lid and lead to dry eye.

To help ease irritation and loosen the flakes, wet a clean washcloth with warm water, wring it out, and place it over your closed eye for at least a minute. Gently press the edge of your eyelid with your finger to help squeeze out the clogged oils. The moist heat helps loosen up the clogged oils in the glands. Wet the cloth often, so it stays warm. You may need warm compresses every day to help lower inflammation, even after your eyes feel better.


Wash Crusty Lashes

Cleaning your eyelids, as well as the surrounding skin and hair, can help get any lid inflammation under control. Drop a bit of baby shampoo or mild soap on your fingertips and gently massage your closed eye, near the base of your eyelashes.

Blink More

Staring at a computer curbs the amount of times you blink per minute. So try to blink often when you’re online.

Another simple trick to keep your eyes moist when at the computer: Set your screen below eye level. You won't have to open your eyes as wide, which may help slow tear evaporation between blinks.

Eat (Naturally) Oily Fish

Salmon and tuna, for example, or sardines, trout, and mackerel all contain omega-3 fatty acids. Research suggests these healthy fats help the oil-making glands in your eye work better, which can ease irritation.

Other foods naturally high in omega-3 fats include walnuts, vegetable oils (like canola and soybean oil), and flaxseed. You can also take omega-3 fatty acids as a pill or tablet. Talk your doctor before you start any new supplement, just to make sure it won’t affect any conditions you have or medicines you take.

Stay Hydrated

Every part of your body needs water to stay healthy, including your eyes. Drinking water helps keep them moist.

But don't wait until you're thirsty to sip water. By then, you may already be slightly dehydrated.

Instead, aim for eight to 10 glasses throughout the day. If you don’t like plain water, any other liquid that doesn’t have alcohol or caffeine will do. Water-rich foods -- like cucumbers and watermelon -- also count.

One way to know if you are well-hydrated: Check your pee. If it's colorless or light yellow, you're likely getting enough fluids.

Wear Wraparound Sunglasses

This style can help protect your eyes from drying winds, which cause tears to evaporate more quickly. At home, avoid blowing air from your hair dryer, air conditioner, or fan toward your eyes.

Use a Humidifier and a Filter

This can add moisture to dry indoor air. Putting a pan of water near your heat or radiator has the same effect. An air cleaner that filters dust and other particles may also help prevent dry eyes.


Dos and Don’ts for Drops

Over-the-counter eye drops work just like your own tears and may help. There are many different brands. Some have preservatives added so they last longer, but using those too often may irritate your eyes. Non-preservative eye drops are also available, as well as thicker ointments. Your doctor can let you know if these would help or if you need something else.

What doesn't work for dry eyes: drops that take away redness, which, over time, can irritate your eyes more.

WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Brian S. Boxer Wachler, MD on May 15, 2017



National Eye Institute: "Facts About Dry Eye."

The Mayo Clinic: "Dry Eyes," "Do You Drink Enough Water?" "Water: How Much Should You Drink Every Day?"

American Academy of Ophthalmology: "Dry Eye," "Facts About Tears," "Blepharitis," "Can Fish Oil Help Dry Eye?"

American Optometric Association: "Dry Eye."

International Journal of Ophthalmology: "A randomized Controlled Trial of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Dry Eye Syndrome."

Cleveland Clinic: "Drink Up: Getting the Water Your Body Needs."

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