Fact. About 36,100 people in the U.S. are diagnosed with HIV each year, and more than Almost 20,000 people who have HIV die each year. Anyone can get HIV -- men, women, children, and people who are gay or straight. Men who have sex with men make up about 90 of the new diagnosed HIV cases each year. Women account for about 6,200 new diagnoses. African-Americans continue to have the most severe burden of HIV, compared with other races and ethnicities.