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  • Question 1/15

    Salt and sodium are the same thing.

  • Answer 1/15

    Salt and sodium are the same thing.

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    • Correct Answer:

    Salt is made up of sodium and chlorine (chemical name: "sodium chloride"). But there are other forms of sodium in food, including baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and food additives, such as monosodium glutamate (MSG), sodium nitrite, and sodium benzoate. Any form of sodium adds to your intake, but salt makes up about 90% of the sodium you get.

  • Question 1/15

    Your body needs sodium to help with your:

  • Answer 1/15

    Your body needs sodium to help with your:

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    • Correct Answer:

    The human body needs some sodium to work right. Sodium helps control your blood pressure, blood volume, and the balance of other fluids in your body. It also helps with your nerves and muscles.

     

    But your body needs only 180 mg to 500 mg a day. That's less than the amount in 1/4 teaspoon of salt.

  • Answer 1/15

    Most sodium in a typical Western diet comes from:

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    Only about 6% of our daily sodium comes from salt added at the table. About 5% comes from salt added during cooking. Only 12% is from foods with natural sources of sodium while up to an estimated 75% comes from processed or restaurant foods. The easiest way to cut down on sodium is to eat more home-cooked meals made from fresh ingredients.

  • Question 1/15

    High-salt diets have been linked to which health problem?

  • Answer 1/15

    High-salt diets have been linked to which health problem?

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    • Correct Answer:

    By far, the biggest health problem caused by a high-salt diet is high blood pressure. On average, the more salt you get, the more likely you are to have high blood pressure. High blood pressure raises your risk for stroke, kidney problems, heart failure, blindness, and heart attacks.

  • Question 1/15

    A high-salt diet is just as bad for a person's blood pressure whether they're physically active or not.

  • Answer 1/15

    A high-salt diet is just as bad for a person's blood pressure whether they're physically active or not.

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    • Correct Answer:

    You can help counter the bad effects of a high-salt diet with physical activity. Studies show that the more active you are, the less your blood pressure rises from a high-salt diet. So if you are not active, you need to be even more careful about eating less salt.

  • Question 1/15

    A high-salt diet can contribute to heart disease.

  • Answer 1/15

    A high-salt diet can contribute to heart disease.

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    • Correct Answer:

    Too much salt can have bad effects on the heart, kidneys, and blood vessels. According to the CDC, too much sodium can raise your risk of having heart attack or a stroke.

  • Question 1/15

    The maximum recommended daily amount of sodium for healthy adults is in about:

  • Answer 1/15

    The maximum recommended daily amount of sodium for healthy adults is in about:

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    • Correct Answer:

    The American Heart Association says adults should limit their sodium to less than 1,500 mg per day. That's equal to about 2/3 of a teaspoon of salt. On average, Americans get more than 3,400 mg of sodium per day, or the amount in about 1 1/2 teaspoons of salt. 

  • Question 1/15

    You should limit your sodium to 1,500 mg per day if you are:

  • Answer 1/15

    You should limit your sodium to 1,500 mg per day if you are:

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    • Correct Answer:

    Certain people are more prone to high blood pressure or at risk from its effects. For these groups -- including people 51 or older, African-Americans, and people who have high blood pressure, diabetes, or chronic kidney disease --1,500 mg per day is the recommended maximum amount of sodium. Some people may need to get even less.

  • Question 1/15

    Women typically eat more sodium than men.

  • Answer 1/15

    Women typically eat more sodium than men.

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    • Correct Answer:

    Men eat more sodium than women, mainly because they eat more food. On average, American men eat between 3,100 mg and 4,700 mg of sodium per day; women eat between 2,300 mg and 3,100 mg. Dietary guidelines also recommend 2,300 mg for healthy people age 2 to 50.

  • Answer 1/15

    Sodium is used in food as a:

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    • Correct Answer:

    Sodium isn't all bad. It is used to bind and stabilize ingredients and as a preservative, flavor enhancer, and color enhancer.

  • Answer 1/15

    Which of the following has more sodium?

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    • Correct Answer:

    While ordinary flour may have no sodium at all, self-rising flour includes leavening, which has a lot of sodium in the form of baking soda and salt. Because of that, flour contributes to the surprising amounts of sodium in baked goods. Self rising flour contains 350 mg for just 1/4 cup.

     

    According to the CDC, bread products contribute 354 mg of sodium per day to the average American diet. Other surprising sources of salt include dairy products (one cup of low-fat cottage cheese contains 918 mg); canned soups, sauces, and vegetables (one cup of canned tomato sauce has 1,284 mg); and deli meats (two slices of salami have 822 mg).

  • Question 1/15

    How long does it take for most people’s taste preferences to adapt to a low-salt diet?

  • Answer 1/15

    How long does it take for most people’s taste preferences to adapt to a low-salt diet?

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    It can take a while to adjust to a low-salt diet. Salt is an acquired taste, but most of us acquired it as children. As adults, after years of eating overly salted foods, we have to make a big effort to changing our tastes. Experts say it takes about 8 to 12 weeks.

  • Question 1/15

    Sea salt is a good low-sodium alternative to table salt.

  • Answer 1/15

    Sea salt is a good low-sodium alternative to table salt.

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    Table salt, sea salt, and kosher salt are all the same thing: sodium chloride. And they all have the same sodium content (40%). The differences are primarily in texture and taste.

     

    Table salt is made from rock salt harvested from inland deposits (with iodine sometimes added as an extra nutrient). Kosher salt is made from similar sources, but it's usually additive-free and has a coarser texture. Sea salt, as its name suggests, is harvested from evaporated seawater. Consequently, it has a slightly different flavor. In the end, though, they all contribute equally to your total sodium consumption. 

  • Question 1/15

    Most sports drinks contain sodium.

  • Answer 1/15

    Most sports drinks contain sodium.

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    Most sports drinks contain electrolytes, which are minerals found in your bloodstream. They include sodium, potassium, and calcium. Electrolytes in sports drinks are meant to put back what you lose through sweat during exercise. If you drink them without sweating enough to lose these minerals, you could be increasing your sodium intake.

  • Question 1/15

    If the label on a food product says "sodium-free," it contains no sodium.

  • Answer 1/15

    If the label on a food product says "sodium-free," it contains no sodium.

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    Food labeling rules allow up to 5 mg per serving in a product labeled "sodium-free." Products labeled "very low-sodium” are allowed to have up to 35 mg per serving. "Low-sodium" means 140 mg or less. "Reduced sodium" means the usual sodium level has been cut by at least 25%. "Unsalted," "without added salt," and “no salt added” mean that it contains no extra salt beyond the amount that occurs naturally in the food.

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Sources | Reviewed by Kathleen M. Zelman, RD, LD, MPH on July 15, 2016 Medically Reviewed on July 15, 2016

Reviewed by Kathleen M. Zelman, RD, LD, MPH on
July 15, 2016

IMAGE PROVIDED BY:

Liquidlibrary

 

REFERENCES:

American Heart Association: “Frequently Asked Questions About Sodium.”

American Heart Association: “Sodium (Salt or Sodium Chloride).”

American Heart Association: “Top Ten Things To Know Sodium Reduction as a Means to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke.”

American Heart Association: “Physical Activity Decreases Salt’s Effect on Blood Pressure.”

CDC: “Americans Consume Too Much Sodium (Salt).”

CDC: “Salt.”

CDC: “Sodium.”

CDC: “Sodium: The Facts.”

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report : “Sodium Intake Among Adults --- United States, 2005−2006.”

The Cancer Project: “Ask the Expert: Salt.”

Colorado State University: “Sodium in the Diet.”

FDA: “High Blood Pressure (Hypertension).”

Institute of Medicine: “Strategies to Reduce Sodium Intake in the United States.”

National Agricultural Library: “How Much Salt?”

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: “Quick Facts on Salt.”

National Institutes of Health (MedlinePlus): “Dietary Sodium.”

USDA: “Sodium and Chloride.”

USDA: “Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010.”

National Academy of Sciences: “FDA Should Set Standards for Salt Added to Processed Foods, Prepared Meals.”

USDA: “National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference.”

U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services: “Sodium and Potassium.”

Children’s Memorial Hospital: “Sports vs. Energy Drinks.”

American Heart Association: “Most Americans Don’t Understand Health Effects of Wine and Sea Salt, Survey Finds.”

This tool does not provide medical advice.
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