Other Works Consulted

  • Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (2012). Recurrent Nephrolithiasis in Adults: Comparative Effectiveness of Preventive Medical Strategies (AHRQ Publication No. 12-EHC049-EF). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Also available online:

  • American Urological Association and European Association of Urology (2007, reaffirmed 2010). Ureteral Calculi: 2007 Guideline for the Management of Ureteral Calculi. Available online:

  • Ferrandino MN, et al. (2012). Evaluation and medical management of urinary lithiasis. In AJ Wein et al., eds., Campbell-Walsh Urology, 10th ed., vol. 2, pp. 1287-1323. Philadelphia: Saunders.

  • Moe OW, et al. (2010). Nephrolithiasis. In EG Nabel ed., ACP Medicine, section 10, chap. 12. Hamilton, ON: BC Decker.

  • Smith-Bindman R, et al. (2014). Ultrasonography versus computer tomography for suspected nephrolithiasis. New England Journal of Medicine, 371(12): 1100-1110. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1404446. Accessed November 17, 2014.

  • Stoller ML (2013). Urinary stone disease. In JW McAninch, TF Lue, eds., Smith and Tanagho's General Urology, 18th ed., pp. 249-279. New York: McGraw-Hill.

  • Tseng TY, Preminger GM (2011). Kidney stones, search date June 2011. BMJ Clinical Evidence. Available online:

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