Migraine vs. Sinus Headache

You've got a stuffy, runny nose, and your forehead and cheeks hurt. That means you have a sinus headache, right? Maybe not. Headaches and nasal congestion are also symptoms of migraine.

It's a common misunderstanding. Misdiagnosis happens so often that one study found 95% of people who thought they had a sinus headache actually had a migraine.

So how can you tell the difference?

Similar Symptoms

Both sinus headaches and migraines can cause:

  • Runny nose
  • Stuffy nose
  • Watery eyes
  • Pressure in your forehead and cheeks

Different Symptoms

The snot from a sinus headache will be yellowish mucus or pus, but drainage with a migraine is clear.

When it's a sinus headache, you could also have:

  • Fever
  • Foul-smelling breath

A migraine may cause:

Migraines also tend to run in families and are three times more likely in women.

If you're still on the fence about what's behind your pain, ask yourself:

  • In the last 3 months, have my headaches often caused trouble with my daily life?
  • Do I often feel queasy when I have a headache?
  • Do light and sound bother me when I get one?

If you answered "yes" to at least two of these questions, there's a very good chance you have migraines.

Get the Right Treatment

The result is the same: Your head hurts. Does it really matter why? Yes, because the diagnosis directs the treatment.

For a sinus headache, the focus is on draining the fluid from the mucus-filled spaces behind your cheeks to relieve the pressure and pain, as well as cooling the inflammation. Typically, you'll take decongestants, antihistamines, or antibiotics, or a combination of these medicines. This wouldn't help, and may even be harmful, for someone with a migraine.

Scientists think migraines happen because of a series of changes in your brain stem, nerve cells, and brain chemicals. No one knows exactly why they start, but they can be triggered by certain foods, activities, or other conditions.

Treatment for migraine can include over-the-counter pain relievers as well as prescription drugs that are also used to treat seizure disorders, depression, and heart conditions. Other remedies might come as pills, shots, and nasal sprays.

Continued

Are Sinus Headaches and Migraines Related?

People who often have allergies with a runny nose are 10 times more likely to have migraines. Asthma and migraine also share some of the same triggers.

So, do sinus and breathing problemscause migraines? Probably not, but it seems these conditions could be related somehow. If you want relief, you'll need the right diagnosis and, if you have more than one condition, to consider treatment for each separately, even when they're happening at the same time.

When to See a Doctor

Make an appointment when your headaches:

  • Are coming more often and are more severe
  • Don't get better with over-the-counter medications
  • Keep you from working, sleeping, or doing your normal activities
  • Cause other problems

It's likely that your doctor will talk to you about your health, both now and in the past, and run some tests to rule out other possible causes of your head pain before coming up with a treatment plan.

A severe headache may be a symptom of a serious condition such as a stroke, meningitis, or encephalitis. Seek emergency care if you:

  • Are confused or have trouble understanding speech
  • Faint
  • Have a fever over 102 F
  • Are numb, weak, or paralyzed on one side of your body

WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Nayana Ambardekar, MD on December 16, 2018

Sources

SOURCES:

American Migraine Foundation: "Sinus Headaches."

Cleveland Clinic: "Sinus Headaches," "Migraine Headaches," "Sinus Headaches: Management and Treatment," "Migraine Headaches: Management and Treatment."

Medscape: "Migraine Headache."

Albert Einstein College of Medicine: "Simple Self-Administered 'ID Migraine' Screener Found To Be Highly Reliable in Detecting Migraine in Undiagnosed Patients."

Mayo Clinic: "Migraine: Symptoms & causes," "Headache: When to see a doctor."

UpToDate: "Pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis of migraine in adults."

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