Reviewed by Melinda
Ratini, MS, DO on
October 06, 2020
IMAGE PROVIDED BY:
NIDA for Teens: “Tobacco, Nicotine, & E-Cigarettes.”
Jiloha, R. Indian Journal of Psychiatry , October-December 2010.
National Institute on Drug Abuse: “Drugfacts: Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products.”
Benowitz, N. New England Journal of Medicine , June 17, 2010.
University of California San Francisco Medical Center: “Nicotine Dependence: Signs and Symptoms.”
Seely, R. Nature , July 14, 2011.
American Lung Association: “E-cigarettes and Lung Health.”
News release, FDA.
Cameron, J. Tobacco Control , 2014.
FDA: “FDA 101: Smoking Cessation Products.”
Stead, L. Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews , November 2012.
National Institute on Drug Abuse for Teens: “Tobacco, Nicotine, and E-Cigarettes.”
National Institute on Drug Abuse: “What are the medical consequences of tobacco use?”
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services: “Nicotine Addiction and Your Health.”
This tool does not provide medical advice.
See additional information.
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
© 2020 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.