There has already been considerable progress in preventing some causes of encephalitis.
The elimination of smallpox and vaccines against mumps, measles, and rubella have reduced the incidence of encephalitis, especially in children.
Vaccines have been developed for people who travel to high-risk areas as well.
Other ways to prevent it are to avoid viruses that can lead to the disease (like herpes) and to protect yourself against mosquito and tick bites.
Most people recover from
E. coli infections in 5 to 10 days without the need for
Antibiotics are not recommended. Tell your doctor if
you think you may have E. coli infection and are taking
Nonprescription or prescription diarrhea medicines
usually are not used to treat E. coli infection. Many
antidiarrheal products slow the rate at which food and waste products move
through the intestines. This may allow more time for the body to absorb the
poisons produced by the bacteria, increasing the risk of complications such as
severe blood and kidney problems.
Avoid these nonprescription
products if you have or suspect you have an E. coli
Loperamide products. These include Imodium, Maalox, and other antidiarrheal products. Note: Only those products that list
loperamide in their ingredients should be avoided.
containing salicylates. These include Pepto-Bismol and similar bismuth-based
antidiarrheal products, aspirin, and ibuprofen (such as Advil). Salicylates can
increase bleeding from the intestines. Also, salicylates are associated with
Reye syndrome, a rare but serious illness in
Prescription diarrhea medicines may be harmful when given
to a person with E. coli infection. A doctor may
prescribe one of these medicines if he or she does not know that E. coli caused the diarrhea. Be sure to discuss your symptoms with your
doctor. Sharing information is important to get the proper diagnosis of your
Avoid these prescription medicines if you have or think
you may have an E. coli infection: