Yellow fever is a viral infection transmitted by a bite from infected mosquitoes most commonly found in parts of South America and Africa. When transmitted to humans, the yellow fever virus can damage the liver and other internal organs and be potentially fatal.
The World Health Organization estimates there are 200,000 cases of yellow fever worldwide each year, resulting in 30,000 deaths. Yellow fever appears to be on the rise internationally, due to a decreased immunity to infection among...
Careful regulation of fluids and essential
Dialysis, to filter waste products from
your blood. Some people with kidney failure caused by E. coli infection require dialysis.
Blood transfusion, to treat anemia by giving you additional oxygen-rich red
Medicines to avoid
Most people recover from
E. coli infections in 5 to 10 days without the need for
Antibiotics are not recommended. Tell your doctor if
you think you may have E. coli infection and are taking
Nonprescription or prescription diarrhea medicines
usually are not used to treat E. coli infection. Many
antidiarrheal products slow the rate at which food and waste products move
through the intestines. This may allow more time for the body to absorb the
poisons produced by the bacteria, increasing the risk of complications such as
severe blood and kidney problems.
Avoid these nonprescription
products if you have or suspect you have an E. coli
Loperamide products. These include Imodium, Maalox, and other antidiarrheal products. Note: Only those products that list
loperamide in their ingredients should be avoided.
containing salicylates. These include Pepto-Bismol and similar bismuth-based
antidiarrheal products, aspirin, and ibuprofen (such as Advil). Salicylates can
increase bleeding from the intestines. Also, salicylates are associated with
Reye syndrome, a rare but serious illness in
Prescription diarrhea medicines may be harmful when given
to a person with E. coli infection. A doctor may
prescribe one of these medicines if he or she does not know that E. coli caused the diarrhea. Be sure to discuss your symptoms with your
doctor. Sharing information is important to get the proper diagnosis of your
Avoid these prescription medicines if you have or think
you may have an E. coli infection: