Parents of children with ADHD may dread the summertime. But never fear: There are many ways to mold your child's behavior in the absence of school.
If you're the parent of a youngster with ADHD, you may dread the coming summer vacation. Most kids with ADHD do best in a structured environment, and summer may spell trouble for kids used to the routine of the school year.
But summertime doesn't have to be a cause for worry -- though it is a cause for planning. Susan Barton, founder of Bright Solutions for Dyslexia and an authority in the fields of dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), suggests that most of the behavior-management techniques parents use during the year should continue during the summer.
From kindergarten through to grade 12, the average U.S. student spends 2,340 days in school. For a child with ADHD, that's a lot of time with teachers; as a result his educational experience can be positive or negative, depending on the school he attends.
As parents, picking the right school for your child with ADHD can be a major factor in his long-term success. Looking for the following eight things will help you choose a school that provides a positive learning environment for your child, and...
Maintaining a consistent routine and schedule at home
Maintaining a consistent set of rules with consistent consequences
Maintaining a positive feedback/positive reinforcement system to further develop appropriate behaviors
"What I do encourage parents to change is the child's sleep patterns," says Barton. "Most children with ADHD are night owls and have a very hard time getting up in the morning. During the summer, allow these children to follow their natural sleep and waking pattern."
Summertime means not only a change for kids, says Michael Manos, PhD, but for their parents as well. "During the summer, the burden of responsibility falls on the parent," says Manos, director of the ADHD Summer Treatment Program at The Cleveland Clinic.
The Summer Treatment Program is a day camp with all the traditional camping activities such as sports, arts and crafts, and computer classes. "It's fun and interesting," says Manos. But camp staff also work closely with the youngsters to give the constant feedback and reinforcement that ADHD kids need.
"We're very clear on what the expectations are," says Manos, explaining that the children earn points and privileges (and the older kids, even money) for positive behaviors such as helping and sharing, cooperating, contributing to group discussions, and paying attention. Privileges can be taken away for negative behaviors such as whining and complaining, interrupting, and poor sportsmanship.
The Summer Treatment Program is one of about six such programs across the country, developed by William Pelham, PhD, from the State University of New York, Buffalo. "This is considered the 'Rolls Royce' of summer programs for kids with ADHD," says Manos.