Non-Drug Interventions for Treating Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Non-drug interventions for ADHD include making adjustments in the environment to promote more successful social interactions. Such adjustments include creating more structure and encouraging routines.

Creating Routines for Children with ADHD

Children with ADHD may need help in organizing their lives. Therefore, some simple interventions to try for childhood ADHD include:

  • Create a schedule. Make sure your child has the same routine every day. The schedule should include homework time and playtime. Post this schedule in a prominent place in the home.
  • Help your child organize everyday items. Work with your child to have a place for everything. This includes clothing, backpacks, and school supplies.

Note that children with ADHD need consistent rules that they can easily follow. When your child follows rules, he or she should be rewarded.

Treatments for Adult ADHD

Adult ADHD may be treated with one or more of the following:

  • Individual cognitive and behavioral therapy to change negative thought patterns and enhance self-esteem
  • Relaxation training and stress management to reduce anxiety and stress
  • Behavioral coaching to teach strategies for organizing home and work activities
  • Job coaching or mentoring to support better working relationships and improve on-the-job performance
  • Family education and therapy

WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Roy Benaroch, MD on February 15, 2016

Sources

SOURCES:

Searight, R. American Family Physician, Nov. 1, 2000.

 FamilyDoctor.org: "Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Treatment."

CDC: "Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Treatment."

National Resource Center on ADHD: "Parenting a Child with ADHD (WWK2)."

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