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Stimulant Drugs for ADHD

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Stimulant drugs are the treatment most often used for ADHD. They can help you manage symptoms, such as:

  • Short attention span
  • Impulsive behavior
  • Hyperactivity

They may be the only treatment you use, or you can try them along with behavior therapy.

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These drugs help ADHD symptoms in about 70% of adults and 70% to 80% of children. They tend to cut down on hyperactivity, interrupting, and fidgeting. They can also help a person finish tasks and improve his or her relationships.

As long as the medication is taken, people see better attention span and behavior. Even though there is some debate about whether social skills or performance at school gets better, there are many people who benefit from them.

Are Stimulants Addictive?

Stimulants aren’t habit-forming in the doses used to treat ADHD in children and teens. And there is no evidence that taking them leads to drug abuse. In fact, studies have shown that people with ADHD who are treated with medication have lower rates of substance abuse than people with ADHD who are not treated.

Still, there is a potential for abuse and addiction with any stimulant medication. This is especially true if the person taking them has a history of substance abuse and addiction. It’s something you may want to take into consideration.

Common Stimulants for ADHD

There are many stimulants available to treat ADHD: short acting, intermediate-acting, and long-acting forms.

The short-acting forms are usually taken two or three times a day, and the long-acting ones just once a day. The benefit of short-acting is that you have more control over when you have medication in your system. The downside is you have to remember to take them often.

A positive of the long-acting type is that you don’t have to remember to take them as often. They may also cut down on some side effects. But it may be harder to wind down at night until you get your medication dose and timing right.

Common stimulants include:

Short-Acting:

  • Amphetamine sulfate (Evekeo)
  • Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine, ProCentra, Zenzedi)
  • Dexmethylphendiate (Focalin)
  • Methylphenidate (Ritalin)

Intermediate-Acting:

  • Dextroamphetamine (Adderall, Dexedrine spansule)
  • Methylphenidate (Ritalin SR, Metadate ER, Methylin ER)

    Long-Acting:

  • Dexmethylphenidate (Focalin XR)
  • Dextroamphetamine (Adderall XR)
  • Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse)
  • Methylphenidate (Concerta, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Quillivant XR, Ritalin LA)

Most are pills, but sometimes medication can be in a patch that is put on the skin or in a liquid.

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