March 6, 2008 -- Federal officials say a Georgia girl is entitled to compensation from a federal vaccine injury fund because she developed autism-like symptoms after receiving childhood vaccines in 2000.
Hannah's father, Jon, tells WebMD he was not surprised by the compensation decision.
"When you are talking about the courtroom versus science, the burden of proof is different," Poling says. "(But) we showed there was a plausible mechanism. We showed that an injury occurred shortly after her vaccination. Her growth curve went flat for months."
The government has not said that childhood vaccinescause autism; rather, officials conclude that the vaccines given to the girl in 2000 aggravated a pre-existing condition -- a mitochondrial disorder -- that then manifested as a regressive neurological disease with some symptoms of autism spectrum disorder.
Those who believe there is a vaccine-autism link call the decision a victory, but those who see no link worry that parents will once again shy away from childhood vaccines.
"Nothing of this situation should be generalized to the risk of vaccines for normal children," CDC Director Julie Gerberding, MD, said at a news conference. "None of this is going to change any of our recommendations stating the importance of vaccination for every child."
(Are you changing your child's vaccine schedule because of autism fears? Tell us what you're thinking on WebMD's Autism Support Group message board.)
The Back Story
Autism and autism spectrum disorders begin before the age of 3, according to the CDC, and include a group of developmental disabilities marked by great difficulty in social interaction and communication. Difficulties on the spectrum range from mild to severe.
The disorder is on the rise, with one in 150 children now diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders, according to the CDC.
Suspicion of a vaccine link with autism has been ongoing at numerous advocacy groups, who believe that thimerosal, a mercury-containing preservative used in some vaccines, is to blame. There is increasing concern and an increasing awareness of the theoretical potential for neurotoxicity. The preservative, used in vaccines since the 1930s, has been removed or reduced to trace amounts in all vaccines recommended for children 6 years of age or younger, with the exception of inactivated flu vaccine. A preservative-free version of the inactivated flu vaccine is available.
Advocacy groups against childhood vaccines take issue with other vaccine components as well.