A bone biopsy is a procedure in which a small sample of bone is taken from the body and looked at under a microscope for cancer, infection, or other bone disorders. The sample of bone can be removed by:
A bone biopsy can be taken from any bone in the body. It is easiest to get the biopsy samples from bones that are close to the skin surface and away from any internal organs or large blood vessels.
A bone biopsy is often done on bone areas that show problems on an X-ray. Computed tomography (CT scan) or a bone scan may be used to guide the biopsy needle.
Why It Is Done
A bone biopsy is done to:
An open bone biopsy allows your doctor to do surgical treatment at the same time, if needed.
How To Prepare
Before having a bone biopsy, tell your doctor if you:
- Are taking any medicines. If you take medicines every day, ask your doctor whether you should stop taking these medicines before the test.
- Are allergic to any medicines, such as those used to numb the skin (anesthetics).
- Have had bleeding problems or take blood thinners, such as aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), or warfarin (Coumadin).
- Are or might be pregnant.
- Take any herbal remedies. Some of these remedies may thin the blood.