Skip to content

Leukemia & Lymphoma

Font Size

Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment Options for Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

See the PDQ summary about Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Treatment for information.

Recommended Related to Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Understanding Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma -- Symptoms

Symptoms of non-Hodgkin lymphoma may include: Painless swelling of one or more lymph nodes, with no recent infection. Swelling may be intermittent. Swelling, fluid accumulation, or pain in the abdomen. Shortness of breath, wheezing, or coughing. Bloody stool or vomit. Swelling of the face, neck, and arms. Blockage of urine flow. Bone pain. Unexplained weight loss amounting to 10% of body weight over six months. Fever lasting for at least 14 consecutive days, usually in...

Read the Understanding Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma -- Symptoms article > >

Polycythemia Vera

The purpose of treatment for polycythemia vera is to reduce the number of extra blood cells. Treatment of polycythemia vera may include the following:

  • Phlebotomy.
  • Chemotherapy with or without phlebotomy.
  • Biologic therapy using interferon alfa or pegylated interferon alpha..
  • Low-dose aspirin.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with polycythemia vera. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Primary Myelofibrosis

Treatment of primary myelofibrosis in patients without signs or symptoms is usually watchful waiting.

Patients with primary myelofibrosis may have signs or symptoms of anemia. Anemia is usually treated with transfusion of red blood cells to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. In addition, anemia may be treated with:

  • Erythropoietic growth factors.
  • Prednisone.
  • Danazol.
  • Thalidomide, lenalidomide, or pomalidomide, with or without prednisone.

Treatment of primary myelofibrosis in patients with other signs or symptoms may include the following:

  • Targeted therapy with ruxolitinib.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • Donor stem cell transplant.
  • Thalidomide, lenalidomide, or pomalidomide.
  • Splenectomy.
  • Radiation therapy to the spleen, lymph nodes, or other areas outside the bone marrow where blood cells are forming.
  • Biologic therapy using interferon alfa or erythropoietic growth factors.
  • A clinical trial of other targeted therapy drugs.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with primary myelofibrosis. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Essential Thrombocythemia

Treatment of essential thrombocythemia in patients younger than 60 years who have no signs or symptoms and an acceptable platelet count is usually watchful waiting. Treatment of other patients may include the following:

  • Chemotherapy.
  • Anagrelide therapy.
  • Biologic therapy using interferon alfa or pegylated interferon alpha.
  • Platelet apheresis.
  • A clinical trial of a new treatment.
    1|2
    Next Article:

    Today on WebMD

    stem cells
    What are they and why do we need them?
    Lung cancer xray
    See it in pictures, plus read the facts.
     
    sauteed cherry tomatoes
    Fight cancer one plate at a time.
    Ovarian cancer illustration
    Do you know the symptoms?
     
    Vitamin D
    SLIDESHOW
    New Treatments For Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma
    FEATURE
     
    Lifestyle Tips for Depression Slideshow
    SLIDESHOW
    Pets Improve Your Health
    SLIDESHOW