Childhood cancer survivors may have late effects that affect the lungs.
Lunglate effects may include the following:
- Shortness of breath.
- Cough (chronic).
- Pulmonaryfibrosis (the build-up of scar tissue in the lung).
- Pneumonia (chronic).
- Inflamed lungs or pleura.
Certain factors increase the risk that lung problems will occur.
The risk of lung late effects may be increased in childhood cancer survivors who had either of the following:
- Infections or graft-versus-host disease after a bone marrow transplant.
- Lung disease, such as asthma, before cancer treatment.
Risk may also be increased in survivors who received any of the following:
Lung late effects may be caused by treatment for certain childhood cancers.
Treatment for these and other childhood cancers may cause lung late effects: