Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Musculoskeletal System
Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. Talk to your child's doctor if your child has any of these problems.
Certain tests and procedures are used to detect (find) and diagnose health problems in the bone and joint.
These and other tests and procedures may be used to detect or diagnose bone and joint late effects:
- Physical exam and history: An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient's health habits, past illnesses and treatments will also be taken.
- Bone mineral density scan: An imaging test that measures bone density (the amount of bone mineral in a certain amount of bone) by passing x-rays with two different energy levels through the bone. It is used to diagnose osteoporosis (weak or thin bones that can break easily). Also called BMD scan, DEXA, DEXA scan, dual energy x-ray absorptiometric scan, dual x-ray absorptiometry, and DXA.
- X-ray: An x-ray is a type of energy beam that can go through the body and onto film, making a picture of areas inside the body, such as bones.
Talk to your child's doctor about whether your child needs to have tests and procedures to check for signs of bone and joint late effects. If tests are needed, find out how often they should be done.