Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Stages of Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter
In stage I, cancer has formed and spread through the lining of the renal pelvis and/or ureter, into the layer of connective tissue.
In stage II, cancer has spread through the layer of connective tissue to the muscle layer of the renal pelvis and/or ureter.
In stage III, cancer has spread:
- From the renal pelvis to tissue or fat in the kidney; or
- From the ureter to fat that surrounds the ureter.
In stage IV, cancer has spread to at least one of the following:
- A nearby organ.
- The layer of fat surrounding the kidney.
- One or more lymph nodes.
- Distant parts of the body, such as the lung, liver, or bone.
Transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter is also described as localized, regional, or metastatic:
The cancer is found only in the kidney.
The cancer has spread to tissues around the kidney and to nearby lymph nodes and blood vessels in the pelvis.
The cancer has spread to other parts of the body.