Modest Weight Loss Seen in Some Patients Taking Taranabant
Like Acomplia (rimonabant), which is approved for sale in Europe but not in the U.S., the Merck & Co. drug taranabant targets receptors in the brain linked to appetite.
Concerns about reports of anxiety and depression in rimonabant users have kept the drug off the market in the U.S.
Based on these reports, an FDA advisory panel voted against recommending its approval last June, prompting manufacturer Sanofi-Aventis to withdraw its application to the agency.
Depression and anxiety were also reported in the taranabant study, but these side effects were most common at the highest doses given, researcher Steven Heymsfield, MD, of Merck Research Laboratories, tells WebMD.
Based on these findings, an ongoing phase III trial of taranabant does not include the highest doses used in phase II study.
The double-blind study included 533 obese people randomly assigned to treatment with either placebo or 0.5 milligrams, 2 milligrams, 4 milligrams, or 6 milligrams of taranabant. All the participants received counseling on diet and exercise throughout the trial.
At the end of 12 weeks, the placebo-treated participants had lost the least weight and those treated with the highest dose of taranabant had lost the most.
Patients treated with 0.5 milligrams of the drug lost an average of 3.5 pounds, compared with 5 pounds among people treated with 2 milligrams of the drug and almost 9 pounds among those treated with 6 milligrams.
A total of 27% of patients who took 0.5 milligrams of taranabant lost 5% or more of their body weight, compared with 61% in the 6-milligram group.
But patients taking the higher dosages of the drug also had higher rates of side effects, including anxiety, nausea, and vomiting.
The study drop-out rate due to side effects was also twice as high among patients treated with the highest dosage of the drug, compared with the lowest dose (10.2% vs. 4.7%). But no patients dropped out because of serious events.
The study appears in the January issue of the journal Cell Metabolism.
Heymsfield says he was surprised to find that patients treated with the lowest dose of the drug lost weight.
"We didn't expect weight loss at all doses," he says.