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Ascites

Illustrations

Ascites with ovarian cancer, CT scan
Digestive system organs

The Basics of Ascites

Ascites is excess fluid in the space between the membranes lining the abdomen and abdominal organs (the peritoneal cavity). This is typically caused by liver disease.

Disorders that may be associated with ascites include:

  • cirrhosis
  • hepatitis
  • portal vein thrombosis (clots in the veins of the liver)
  • constrictive pericarditis
  • congestive heart failure
  • liver cancer
  • ovarian cancer
  • protein-losing enteropathy
  • nephrotic syndrome
  • pancreatitis

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Andrew Seibert, MD on September 24, 2012

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