medical history, physical exam, and lab tests
often point to celiac disease. The diagnosis is confirmed with a small
biopsy collected during an
endoscopy, where a small tube is guided
down a person's throat to the small intestine.
Tests for celiac disease should be done when you or your child is still eating a diet that includes gluten. If you have already started a gluten-free diet before these tests are done, the doctor may suggest that you or your child eat a certain amount of gluten before the tests.
It is possible that the main title of the report Celiac Disease is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Celiac disease triggers the
immune system to produce certain
antibodies. Blood tests that find and measure these
IgAtTG: Immunoglobulin A (IgA) anti-tissue
transglutaminase (tTG) antibody.
IgAEMA: Immunoglobulin A (IgA) antiendomysial antibody (EMA).
A biopsy taken during an
upper gastrointestinal endoscopy may be done to
confirm celiac disease after antibodies have been found. Sometimes a biopsy
detects celiac disease when a person is being tested for another
If the biopsy shows signs of celiac disease
(such as abnormal villi and inflammation in the
small intestine), a
gluten-free diet will be recommended.
A diagnosis of
celiac disease is confirmed if the diet makes symptoms
go away and if antibody tests become normal.
Bone density testBone density test. This may be done to see if you have
problems such as
osteomalacia (known as
rickets in children) or
osteoporosis, which may develop in some people with
Tests to look for
other conditions and diseases may be needed if a diagnosis of
celiac disease is suspected but symptoms don't improve with a gluten-free diet.
You can prepare your child for these tests. Knowing why tests are being done and what to expect can help make the tests less scary.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
November 14, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this