Stomach Cancer Directory
Stomach cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the stomach. Over time, the cancer may invade more deeply into the stomach wall and spread to nearby organs. Smoking and certain chronic conditions increase the risk of developing stomach cancer. Follow the links below to find WebMD's comprehensive coverage about how gastric/stomach cancer is contracted, what it looks like, how to treat it, and much more.
Diagnosing and Treating Stomach Cancer
An overview of the diagnosis and treatment of stomach cancer from the experts at WebMD.
Stomach (Gastric) Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI]-Description of the Evidence
BackgroundIncidence and mortalityIn 2013, it is estimated that 21,600 Americans will be diagnosed with gastric cancer and 10,990 will die of it. Two-thirds of people diagnosed with gastric cancer are older than 66 years. The disease is much more common in other countries, principally Japan, Central Europe, Scandinavia, Hong Kong, South and Central America, the Soviet Union, China, and Korea. Gastric cancer is a major cause of death worldwide, especially in developing countries.The major type of gastric cancer is adenocarcinoma (95%). The remaining malignant tumors include lymphomas, sarcomas, carcinoid tumors and other rare types. Distinguishing the common adenocarcinoma from the uncommon lymphoma may sometimes be difficult but is important, due to major differences in staging, treatment, and prognosis. Gastric adenocarcinomas can be further categorized into an intestinal type and a diffuse type. Intestinal-type lesions are frequently ulcerative and occur in the
Stomach (Gastric) Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Prevention - Patient Information [NCI]-Stomach Cancer Prevention
Avoiding risk factors and increasing protective factors may help prevent stomach cancer.Avoiding cancer risk factors may help prevent certain cancers. Risk factors include smoking, being overweight, and not getting enough exercise. Increasing protective factors such as quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, and exercising may also help prevent some cancers. Talk to your doctor or other health care professional about how you might lower your risk of cancer.The following are risk factors for stomach cancer:Certain medical conditionsHaving any of the following medical conditions may increase the risk of stomach cancer:Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection of the stomach.Intestinal metaplasia (a condition in which the cells that line the stomach are replaced by cells that normally line the intestines).Chronic atrophic gastritis (thinning of the stomach lining caused by long-term inflammation of the stomach).Pernicious anemia (a type of anemia caused by vitamin B12
Stomach (Gastric) Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Prevention - Health Professional Information [NCI]-Overview
Note: Separate PDQ summaries on Stomach (Gastric) Cancer Screening, Gastric Cancer Treatment, and Levels of Evidence for Cancer Screening and Prevention Studies are also available. Who Is at Risk?People at elevated risk for gastric cancer include elderly patients with atrophic gastritis or pernicious anemia, patients with sporadic gastric adenomas, familial adenomatous polyposis, or hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer, and immigrant ethnic populations from countries with high rates of gastric carcinoma.[4,5] Workers in the rubber and coal industries are also at increased risk.Risk factors for gastric cancer include the presence of precursor conditions such as chronic atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia, pernicious anemia, and gastric adenomatous polyps. Genetic factors include a family history of gastric cancer, Li Fruameni syndrome, and Type A blood type. Environmental factors include low consumption of fruits and vegetables; consumption of salted,
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