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Difficulty Swallowing (Dysphagia) - References

Other Works Consulted

  • Chaudhury A, Mashimo H (2012). Orpharyngeal and esophageal motility disorders. In NJ Greenberger et al., eds., Current Diagnosis and Treatment: Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Endoscopy, 2nd ed., pp. 164–182. New York: McGraw-Hill.

  • Hirano I, Kahrilas PJ (2012). Dysphagia. In DL Longo et al., eds., Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 18th ed., vol. 1, pp. 297–300. New York: McGraw-Hill.

  • Katz PO, Anand G (2011). Dysphagia and esophageal obstruction. In ET Bope, et al., eds., Conn's Current Therapy 2011, pp. 523–526. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.

  • Mendelson MH (2011). Esophageal emergencies, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and swallowed foreign bodies. In JE Tintinalli et al., eds., Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide, 7th ed., pp. 548–552. New York: McGraw-Hill.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: June 11, 2013
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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