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Rectal Prolapse Surgery - Topic Overview

Surgeons can repair a complete rectal prolapse. They make a cut through the abdomen or the perineum.

  • In abdominal surgery, the surgeon makes a cut in the abdomen. He or she may secure part of the large intestine or the rectum, or both, to the inside of the abdominal cavity with sutures or a piece of mesh (rectopexy). This surgery can restore a natural shape to the large intestine. The surgeon may also remove part of the large intestine and sew the ends together. Other conditions that may be present (such as a rectocele or prolapsed uterus) can also be repaired. Depending on the type of problems present, the surgeon may make a large, single cut (open surgery) or may make several small cuts along with using an instrument with a small camera that allows the surgeon to see inside the body (laparoscopic surgery). Rectal prolapse will come back in fewer than 1 out of 10 people who have this surgery.1
  • In perineal surgery, the surgeon goes through the perineum or anus. This type of surgery does not stress the body as much as other types of surgery. But it is more likely that prolapse will occur again. It is most often used for frail, older adults who have other serious medical problems. It does not correct the condition that is causing the prolapse and can lead to problems with constipation or blockage. People who have this type of surgery may need frequent laxatives or enemas. Rectal prolapse will come back in about 1 to 3 out of every 10 people who have this surgery.1

If the surrounding tissue is no longer holding part of large intestine in the correct position, your surgeon may have to remove part of the intestine and then reattach it to the rectum.

Recommended Related to Digestive Disorders

Prescription Drugs to Treat Constipation

Chronic constipation is often cured by natural remedies: A diet with natural fiber from fruits and vegetables, at least eight cups of water a day, and exercise -- plus maybe an occasional laxative from the drug store. But if natural remedies and over-the-counter laxatives such as Metamucil, Citrucel, Colace, and Milk of Magnesia don't help, it may be time to ask your doctor about prescription drugs. Here are prescription drugs used for the treatment of chronic constipation: ...

Read the Prescription Drugs to Treat Constipation article > >

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: November 14, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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