This medication is a cancer chemotherapy drug used to treat certain types of tumors (e.g., multiple myeloma, mantle cell lymphoma). It blocks certain proteins which helps to slow the growth and spread of the cancer.
This medication is given by injection into a vein or under the skin by a healthcare professional. If you are receiving this medication under the skin, make sure that the injection site is changed each time to lessen injury under the skin. The dosage is based on your body size, medical condition, laboratory tests, and response to treatment.
It is important to drink plenty of fluids while you are being treated with this drug to prevent becoming dehydrated. Read the Patient Information Leaflet that comes with this drug, and consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
Dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea, constipation, tiredness, weakness, blurred vision, or pain/redness at injection site may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
This medication can lower your body's ability to fight an infection. Notify your doctor promptly if you develop any signs of an infection such as fever, chills, or persistent sore throat.
Bortezomib sometimes causes side effects due to the rapid destruction of cancer cells (tumor lysis syndrome). To lower your risk, your doctor may add a medication and tell you to drink plenty of fluids. Tell your doctor right away if you have symptoms such as: low back/side pain (flank pain), signs of kidney problems (such as painful urination, pink/bloody urine, change in the amount of urine), muscle spasms/weakness.
Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: easy bruising or bleeding, tingling/numbness/pain/burning feeling of the hands or feet (peripheral neuropathy), fainting, stomach pain, black stools, coffee-ground vomit, trouble breathing, swelling or pain in the lower legs, fast/irregular heartbeat, severe headache, vision problems, mental/mood changes (e.g., rarely, thoughts of suicide), swelling of the hands/ankles/feet, yellowing skin/eyes, dark urine.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients (such as boron, mannitol), which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: nerve sensation problems (e.g., peripheral neuropathy), heart disease, low blood pressure, loss of body fluids (dehydration), diabetes, liver disease, severe kidney disease, certain viral infection (herpes, shingles).
To minimize dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a seated or lying position.
This drug may make you dizzy or cause vision changes. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages.
Do not have immunizations/vaccinations without the consent of your doctor and avoid contact with people who have recently received oral polio vaccine.
Use caution with sharp objects like safety razors or nail cutters and avoid activities such as contact sports to lower the chance of getting cut, bruised, or injured.
Wash your hands well to prevent the spread of infections.
This medication is not recommended for use during pregnancy. It may cause harm to an unborn baby. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. If you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant, inform your doctor right away. Use reliable form(s) of birth control during treatment with this drug. Consult your doctor for more details.
It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Breast-feeding is not recommended while using this drug due to the potential risk to the nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.
Some products that may interact with this drug include: medications to treat high blood pressure, oral anti-diabetic drugs, other drugs that may cause peripheral neuropathy (e.g., amiodarone, isoniazid, nitrofurantoin, certain anti-virals such as acyclovir, ritonavir, zidovudine).
Other medications can affect the removal of bortezomib from your body, which may affect how bortezomib works. Examples include azole antifungals (such as ketoconazole), macrolide antibiotics (such as erythromycin), rifamycins (such as rifabutin), St. John's wort, drugs used to treat seizures (such as carbamazepine, phenytoin), among others.
If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: fainting or persistent fever.
Laboratory and/or medical tests (e.g., complete blood counts, platelets) should be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.
For the best possible benefit, it is important to receive each scheduled dose of this medication as directed. If you miss a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist right away to establish a new dosing schedule.
Not applicable. This medication is given in a clinic and will not be stored at home.
MEDICAL ALERT: Your condition can cause complications in a medical emergency. For information about enrolling in MedicAlert, call 1-888-633-4298 (US) or 1-800-668-1507 (Canada).
Information last revised May 2016. Copyright(c) 2016 First Databank, Inc.
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