This vaccine is used to prevent a certain virus infection (polio). It is usually given to infants and children as part of routine immunization. It may also be given to adults at high risk for polio infection (such as before travel to countries where polio is common). Severe infection with polio may damage nerve cells, causing an inability to move (paralysis) in part of the body (such as the legs, arms, breathing muscles). This vaccine works by increasing the body's natural defense (immunity) against the polio virus.
Like any vaccine, this vaccine may not fully protect against infection, and it will not help if you already have the virus.
This vaccine is given by a health care professional. It is usually injected into a thigh muscle. It may also be injected into the upper arm muscle or under the skin. This medication should not be injected into a vein.
Children receive the vaccine in 4 separate doses. Adults may receive 1 to 3 doses depending on their previous vaccination history and medical condition. All doses are given at least 4 weeks apart. For the best protection, it is important to receive all scheduled doses. To help you remember, it may help to mark your calendar with a reminder.
This vaccine is usually given at the same time as other vaccines.
Redness/swelling/tenderness at the injection site, fever, irritability, and tiredness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your health care professional promptly.
Infrequently, temporary symptoms such as fainting/dizziness/lightheadedness, vision changes, numbness/tingling, or seizure-like movements have happened after vaccine injections. Tell your health care professional right away if you have any of these symptoms soon after receiving an injection. Sitting or lying down may relieve symptoms.
Remember that your health care professional has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your health care professional.
Contact the health care professional for medical advice about side effects. The following numbers do not provide medical advice, but in the US you may report side effects to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) at 1-800-822-7967. In Canada, you may call the Vaccine Safety Section at Public Health Agency of Canada at 1-866-844-0018.
Before receiving poliovirus vaccine, tell your health care professional if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients (such as neomycin, streptomycin, polymyxin B, 2-phenoxyethanol, formaldehyde), which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your health care professional for more details.
During pregnancy, this vaccine should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your health care professional.
Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your health care professional. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.
Keep all regular medical and laboratory appointments.
It is important that each vaccination is received as scheduled. Be sure to ask when each dose should be received and make a note on a calendar to help you remember. If you miss an appointment, contact the health care professional for advice.
Store in the refrigerator. Do not freeze. Protect from light. Keep all medications away from children and pets.
Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.
Information last revised March 2016. Copyright(c) 2016 First Databank, Inc.
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