Questions About Medicines for Epilepsy - Topic Overview
Some antiepileptic medicines can make birth
control pills less effective and make a woman more likely to become pregnant. A
woman taking birth control pills may need to change the dosage or use a
different type of birth control.
How much will the treatment cost?
The costs of
medicines vary. Epilepsy often requires many years of treatment. If you can,
choose a medicine that you will be able to afford over the long run. High costs
may make you less likely to stay on your treatment plan.
keep the total costs in mind. Medicine may be expensive, especially with some
of the newer antiepileptic medicines. But successful treatment may also help you lower
your total costs by reducing doctor visits, hospitalization, and missed work
time. A medicine that controls your seizures and does not cause many side
effects may be worth the cost.
What if I become pregnant? How will the medicine affect me and my baby?
All medicines for epilepsy have some risk of birth defects.
But the risk of birth defects needs to be carefully compared to other risks to
the baby if the mother stops taking her epilepsy medicine. If you are thinking
about becoming pregnant, it is important to plan ahead and talk with your
doctor about the benefits and risks of taking epilepsy medicine during your
pregnancy. It you are already pregnant, it is not too late. The best thing to
do is talk to your doctor about your pregnancy before you make any changes to
the medicines you are taking.
Although most women with epilepsy
deliver healthy babies, the risk of birth defects, stillbirth, and seizure
problems is higher for women who have epilepsy. Most antiepileptic medicines
increase the risk even more, but stopping use of the medicine is not always the
best solution. You may start having more seizures if you stop taking your
medicine, and having seizures during pregnancy can harm the baby.