Fibromyalgia - Topic Overview
Fibromyalgia is widespread pain in the muscles and soft tissues above and below the waist and on both sides of the body. People with fibromyalgia feel pain, tenderness, or both even when there is no injury or inflammation.
Fibromyalgia can cause long-lasting (chronic) pain. It has no cure. But with treatment, most people with fibromyalgia are able to work and do their regular activities. When it is not controlled, you may not have any energy. Or you may feel depressed or have trouble sleeping. But there are many things you can do to help manage your symptoms.
No one knows for sure what causes fibromyalgia. But experts have some ideas, such as:
- Nerve cells may be too sensitive.
- Chemicals in the brain (neurotransmitters) may be out of balance.
- The deep phase of sleep may be disrupted and affect the amount of hormones that your body releases.
The main symptoms of fibromyalgia are:
- Deep or burning pain in your trunk, neck, low back, hips, and shoulders.
- Tender points (or trigger points) on the body that hurt when pressed.
People with fibromyalgia may have other problems, such as:
Symptoms tend to come and go. You may have times when you hurt more, followed by times when symptoms happen less often, hurt less, or are absent (remissions). Some people find that their symptoms are worse in cold and damp weather, during times of stress, or when they try to do too much.