6 Myths About Organic Food
By Sarah Z. Wexler
All organics aren't created equal. Here's what's hidden behind the
MYTH #1: ORGANIC FOOD IS ALWAYS BETTER FOR THE ENVIRONMENT.
Organics don't contaminate soil and groundwater with pesticides and
chemicals like regular farming does, but there's a surprising downside: Since
organic farming is only about half as productive as conventional farming, it
requires far more land to produce the same amount of food. Dennis Avery of the
Hudson Institute's Center for Global Food Issues estimates that modern
high-yield farming has saved 15 million square miles of wildlife habitat, and
that if the world switched to organic farming, we'd need to cut down 10 million
square miles of forest. Less-productive farming could also lead to even less
food for the world's undernourished.
MYTH #2: IT'S MORE NUTRITIOUS.
Studies keep flip-flopping on this: One found more vitamin C in organic
tomatoes than in conventional ones; another found more cancer-fighting
flavonoids in organic corn and strawberries. But other studies haven't found
organics to have a nutritional edge. What makes the biggest difference in
nutrients is how long produce sits on the shelf. Spinach, for instance, loses
about half of its foliate within a week.
MYTH #3: IT TASTES BETTER.
Nobody has been able to tell the difference except in one study of apples,
where organics came out ahead. To get raspberries that taste raspberrier, buy
produce that's locally grown, is in season, and hasn't been sitting on the
shelf too long. Let's face it: Nothing is at its best when it's flown halfway
around the world and waxed, then has to spend a week in the grocery store.
MYTH #4: YOU DON'T HAVE TO BE AS CAREFUL ABOUT WASHING IT.
All produce, whether purchased from a grocery megachain or your local
organic farm, is susceptible to nasty bacteria, such as E. coli (the
news-maker that's also been known to kill people). Soil and runoff water that's
contaminated with E. coli-harboring animal poop can get onto produce —
particularly melons, lettuce, sprouts, tomatoes, spinach, and green onions,
since they grow close to the ground. Your best defense: Wash everything
thoroughly under running water.
MYTH #5: YOU'RE SUPPORTING SMALL FARMS OR ECO-COMPANIES.
General Mills owns the Cascadian Farms brand, Kraft owns Back to Nature and
Boca Burger, and Kellogg's owns Morningstar Farms, to name a few conglomerates
basking in organics' glow (and dough). And with such high demand (in the past
year, the market for organic milk outstripped the supply by 10 percent), these
giant companies are importing organic ingredients as cheaply as possible —
often from other countries. Whole Foods sold roughly $1 billion in produce last
year; only about 16 percent was locally grown. So with all the CO2
spent in transport, some organics have questionable eco-virtues.