Warm Up to Ginger
By Maggy Howe. Photographs by David Prince.
With a long history in the New World and the Old, gingerroot
is enmeshed in folklore, food, and healing.
Tingly on the tongue, pungent to the nose, ginger is most familiar to
Americans as the spice responsible for the distinctive flavor of Christmas
cookies and many Asian dishes. But gingerroot -- established in the New World
as early as the 16th century -- has a remarkable medicinal history that is just
as long and storied as its culinary one.
During the American Revolution, gingerbread was a staple of both British and
American soldiers, as it would harden and keep for a year or longer. Colonists'
apothecaries consisted largely of ginger. The fresh root would be grated, added
to boiling water, and steeped for 15 minutes; this infusion was then strained
and taken with honey as a cure-all for colds, bronchitis, cramps, and
congestion. Teas made with ginger were sipped to relieve cold feet and hands
or, when combined with other herbs, as a pick-me-up to alleviate fatigue.
Gingerroot was also made into a digestive tonic. And a warm plaster or compress
of powdered ginger -- often combined with whiskey -- was used to relieve
Early in the 1900s, afternoon tea dances became the rage, and midday teas
were accompanied by music and dance. Often a warming tea of ginger, cinnamon,
orange slices, and chamomile was served, inspiring the prim and proper ladies
to take on a different air while dancing the fox-trot. "Ginger is a
stimulating herb," says Judy Griffin, author of Mother Nature's
Herbal (Llewellyn Press; 1997; $19.95). "It always gets the blood
flowing." Griffin says that ginger aids circulation, making you feel warm
when nothing else seems to do the trick. "It warms you up from the
inside," she says. "It opens your pores and allows you to sweat, moving
the energy outward."
The herb was also the source of superstitions. Growing a ginger plant in the
house by placing gingerroot in water, for example, was said to attract health
and prosperity. Another myth suggested that ginger's warming effects be used to
"warm up the heart": in other words, that ginger would make the people
who eat it feel warmer and consequently more loving toward their neighbors.
The most widely used species of ginger ( Zingiber officinale )
comes from China. The root contains most of the plant's medicinal properties.
"If you feel a cold coming on, a cup of ginger tea and a warm ginger bath
or footbath (add one quart of ginger tea to the bath-water) will help move any
mucus or cold symptoms out of the body," says Ms. Griffin. She also
suggests placing ginger powder inside slippers or shoes on very cold or damp
days when your feet cannot seem to get warm -- no matter how many pairs of
socks you put on.