Atherosclerosis takes place over a lifetime. Complications from atherosclerosis tend to happen later in life. But the process of narrowing and hardening of the arteries starts early, progressing over decades.
Developing some atherosclerosis is often unavoidable. It's the result of aging and our own genetic tendencies. A much larger part, though, is determined by our behavior and lifestyle choices as we move through life.
How old are your arteries? Are they the ones you had in college? Or are...
What's safe. Your doctor can let you know what activities are OK for you to do. You may have more options than you think.
Ask your doctor about exercises such as pushups and sit-ups. These exercises involve straining muscles against other muscles or an immovable object. You may need to avoid them.
Heavy lifting. Make sure that lifting and pushing heavy objects, and chores such as raking, shoveling, mowing, and scrubbing, aren't off-limits. Chores around the house can be tiring for some people. Do only what you can do without getting tired.
Medication changes. Some drugs can greatly affect your response to exercise. Your doctor can let you know what, if any, changes you need to make to your exercise plans.
General Workout Tips for People With Heart Disease
Pace yourself. Don't do too much, too soon. Give your body time to rest between workouts.
Don't exercise outdoors when it is too cold, hot, or humid. High humidity may make you tire more quickly. Extreme temperatures can interfere with circulation, make breathing difficult, and cause chest pain. Better choices are indoor activities such as mall walking.
Stay hydrated. Drink water even before you feel thirsty, especially on hot days.
Skip extremely hot and cold showers or sauna baths after exercise. These extreme temperatures make your heart work harder.
Don't exercise in hilly areas. If you must walk in steep areas, slow down going uphill to avoid working too hard. Monitor your heart rate closely, and talk to your doctor about what a safe heart rate is for you.
If your exercise program gets interrupted for a few days (due to illness, vacation, or bad weather, as examples), ease back into the routine. Begin with a reduced level of activity, and gradually increase it until you're back where you started.
What to Watch for When Exercising
Stop the exercise if you become overly fatigued or short of breath. Tell your doctor about the symptoms, or schedule an appointment.