Metabolic Syndrome What is Metabolic Syndrome? Metabolic syndrome, also known as syndrome X or dysmetabolic syndrome, refers to a cluster of metabolic conditions that can lead to heart disease.
The main features of metabolic syndrome include
insulin resistance, hypertension ( high blood pressure), abnormal cholesterol, and an increased risk for clotting. People diagnosed with this syndrome are usually overweight or obese.
Recommended Related to Heart Disease
Tests for Heart Disease
Angioplasty and Stents
Cardiac Blood Pool Scan
ECG (EKG or Electrocardiogram)
Electron Beam (Ultrafast) CT scan
Head-Up Tilt Table Test
Read the Tests for Heart Disease article > >
Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body produces
insulin but does not use it properly. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps the body use glucose, a form of sugar, for energy. If a person has insulin resistance, his or her body is not converting glucose for use by muscles and other tissues. How Is Metabolic Syndrome Diagnosed?
According to American
Heart Association guidelines, any three of the following traits in the same person meet the criteria for the metabolic syndrome: Abdominal obesity: a waist circumference over 102 cm (40 in) in men and over 88 cm (35 inches) in women Serum 150 mg/dl or above, or taking triglycerides: medication for elevated triglycerides HDL (''good'') 40mg/dl or lower in men and 50mg/dl or lower in women cholesterol: of 130/85 or above (or taking medication for Blood pressure high blood pressure) of 100 mg/dl or above Fasting blood glucose
The World Health Organization (WHO) has slightly different criteria for defining the metabolic syndrome:
High , an elevated fasting insulin levels blood glucose or an elevated post-meal glucose alone with at least two of the following criteria: Abdominal obesity as defined by a waist-to-hip ratio of greater than 0.9, a body mass index of at least 30 kg/m2 or a waist measurement over 37 inches panel showing a Cholesterol triglyceride level of at least 150 mg/dl or an HDL cholesterol lower than 35 mg/dl Blood pressure of 140/90 or higher (or on treatment for high blood pressure) How Common Is Metabolic Syndrome?
Approximately 20%-30% of the population in industrialized countries has metabolic syndrome.
What Causes Metabolic Syndrome?
As is true with many medical conditions, genetics and the environment both play important roles in the development of metabolic syndrome.