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Heart Disease Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Heart Disease

  1. When to Call a Doctor

    Callor other emergency services immediately if you have:Chest pain that has not gone away within 5 minutes after taking one nitroglycerin and/or resting, especially if the pain is pressing or crushing and occurs with shortness of breath, sweating, and nausea.Symptoms of a stroke. These include: Sudden onset of tingling, numbness, weakness, or inability to move (paralysis) part or all of one side .

  2. Aortic Valve Regurgitation - Health Tools

    An interactive tool about eating a steady amount of vitamin K when you take warfarin (Coumadin).

  3. Balloon Valvotomy for Mitral Valve Stenosis

    A balloon valvotomy is the preferred treatment for mitral valve stenosis. It is a procedure that widens the mitral valve so that blood flows more easily through the heart.A balloon valvotomy is a minimally invasive procedure. A doctor uses a thin flexible tube (catheter) that is inserted through an artery in the groin or arm and threaded into the heart. When the tube reaches the narrowed mitral valve, a balloon device located on the tip of the catheter is quickly inflated. The narrowed or fused mitral valve leaflets are separated and stretched open as the balloon presses against them. This process increases the size of the mitral valve opening and allows more blood to flow from the left atrium into the left ventricle.

  4. Pericardial Drainage

    A pericardial tap (pericardiocentesis) is done to determine the cause of fluid buildup around the heart and to relieve pressure on the heart.

  5. Angina - Topic Overview

    What is angina?Angina (say ANN-juh-nuh or ann-JY-nuh) is a symptom of heart disease. Angina happens when there is not enough blood flow to the heart muscle. This is often a result of narrowed blood vessels, usually caused by hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis). Angina can be dangerous. So it is important to pay attention to your symptoms, know what is typical for you, learn how to control it, and understand when you need to get treatment.What are the symptoms?Symptoms of angina include chest pain or pressure, or a strange feeling in the chest. Some people feel pain, pressure, or a strange feeling in the back, neck, jaw, or upper belly, or in one or both shoulders or arms. Other symptoms of angina include shortness of breath, nausea or vomiting, lightheadedness or sudden weakness, or a fast or irregular heartbeat. Some people describe their angina as pressure, heaviness, weight, tightness, squeezing, discomfort, burning, or dull aching in the chest. People often put a fist to

  6. Atrial Fibrillation - Medications

    Medication treatment decisions are based on the cause of your atrial fibrillation, your symptoms, and your risk for complications.Treatment with medication is often needed for many years when heart disease is the underlying cause of atrial fibrillation. Rate control medications are usually tried first for people who have persistent atrial fibrillation. These medications include beta - blockers, ..

  7. Heart Arrhythmias and Exercise - Topic Overview

    If you have an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia), ask your doctor what type and level of exercise is safe for you. Regular activity can help keep your heart and body healthy.The type and amount of exercise that is allowable will vary depending on the cause of your abnormal heart rhythm and whether you have other forms of heart disease. If your irregular heartbeat is caused by another type of heart disease (such as cardiomyopathy or a valve problem), you may need to limit your activity because of the other heart disease.Before you start a new exercise program or change your current exercise program:Talk with your doctor. He or she may do a physical exam, an electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG), and possibly a stress ECG test to assess what level of activity your heart can handle. Make an exercise plan together with your doctor. An exercise program usually consists of stretching, activities that increase your heart rate (aerobic exercise), and strength training (lifting light weights). Make

  8. Coronary Artery Disease - Prevention

    From 1992 to 2002, the death rate from coronary artery disease (CAD) declined by 26% in the United States. This decline is attributed to the steps people are taking to prevent coronary artery disease, including lowering blood pressure and cholesterol, changing diet and exercise habits, quitting smoking, and improved medical care.3Coronary artery disease is caused by the buildup of plaque on the ..

  9. Beta-Blockers for Coronary Artery Disease

    Drug details for Beta-blockers for coronary artery disease.

  10. Coronary Artery Disease - Living With Heart Disease

    A diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD), can be difficult to accept and understand. If you do not have symptoms, it may be especially hard to recognize that CAD is a serious disease that can lead to complications. Coronary artery disease is caused by the gradual buildup of plaque on the inside of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply oxygen - rich blood to heart muscle.It is ..

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