Heart Attack and Unstable Angina - End-of-Life Decisions
Although treatment for a heart attack is increasingly successful at prolonging life and reducing complications and hospitalization, a heart attack can lead to progressive, fatal conditions, such as heart failure and abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias). Many important end - of - life decisions can be made while you are active and able to communicate your wishes.When you are diagnosed with a heart
Coronary Artery Disease - Cause
Coronary artery disease is caused by the buildup of plaque on the inside of your coronary arteries. In most people, plaque buildup begins early in life and gradually develops over a lifetime.2Coronary artery disease (CAD) typically begins when the inside walls of the coronary arteries are damaged, due to one or more underlying conditions, such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, ..
Pacemaker for Heart Failure (Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy)
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) uses a special type of pacemaker called a biventricular pacemaker (say by-ven-TRICK-yuh-ler) to treat heart failure. This pacemaker sends electrical pulses to make the ventricles pump at the same time. A biventricular pacemaker is implanted in the chest, and it connects to three thin wires, called leads. The leads go into different chambers of your heart. If there is a problem with your heartbeat, the pacemaker sends a painless signal through the leads to fix the problem. The pacemaker also can speed up your heart if it is beating too slowly. In some cases, you may get a pacemaker that is combined with a device to shock your heartbeat back to a normal rhythm if it is dangerously fast. The device is called an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, or ICD. It can prevent sudden death. Your doctor will put the pacemaker in your chest during minor surgery. You will not have open-chest surgery.Your doctor makes a small cut (incision) in your chest.
Coronary Artery Disease - Exams and Tests
To diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD), your health professional will complete a medical history and physical exam. Usually, the need for further testing depends on your risk factors and symptoms. Testing strategies also vary from doctor to doctor.If coronary artery disease is suspected, you may have tests to determine the diagnosis. The most common initial tests are electrocardiogram (EKG or .
Coronary Artery Disease - Angioplasty
Several nonsurgical procedures are used to treat coronary artery disease. They are called nonsurgical procedures because the repair is done through a catheter inserted into an artery, and neither a large incision nor general anesthesia are needed.Two such procedures, angioplasty (often combined with stenting) and atherectomy, are used to reopen blocked or narrowed coronary arteries. Angioplasty, .
Coronary Artery Disease - Prevention
From 1992 to 2002, the death rate from coronary artery disease (CAD) declined by 26% in the United States. This decline is attributed to the steps people are taking to prevent coronary artery disease, including lowering blood pressure and cholesterol, changing diet and exercise habits, quitting smoking, and improved medical care.3Coronary artery disease is caused by the buildup of plaque on the ..
Coronary Artery Disease - Frequently Asked Questions
Learning about coronary artery disease (CAD):What is CAD?What causes CAD?What are the symptoms of CAD?What increases my risk for CAD?What is my risk for having a heart attack?When do I need to see my doctor?Being diagnosed:What is important for my doctor to know about my condition?How will my doctor diagnose CAD?How can an electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) help diagnose CAD?Should I have an ...
Heart Attack and Unstable Angina - Medications
Medicines for unstable anginaCertain medicines can help keep blood from clotting, reduce the risk that unstable angina may develop into a heart attack, and decrease your chance of dying. These include:Aspirin and other antiplatelet medicines (such as clopidogrel or ticlopidine). Anticoagulants, such as heparin, enoxaparin (Lovenox), dalteparin (Fragmin), and bivalirudin (Angiomax). Medicines that
Heart Attack and Unstable Angina - Health Tools
Health tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Should I receive CPR and mechanical ventilation?Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Exercising for a healthy heart Tips for following the Dietary Approaches to ..
Heart Attack and Unstable Angina - Prevention
The percentage of Americans who have a heart attack, as well as the number of resulting deaths, has continued to decrease since the 1970s. This decline is mainly attributed to the steps people are taking to prevent coronary artery disease (CAD) and heart attack, including lowering blood pressure and cholesterol and changing diet and exercise habits.14The most important lifestyle changes that you .