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Heart Disease Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Heart Disease

  1. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy - Topic Overview

    What is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (say hy-per-TROH-fik kar-dee-oh-my-AWP-uh-thee) happens when the heart muscle grows too thick, so the heart gets bigger and its chambers get smaller. Many people have no symptoms and live a normal life with few problems. But in some people with this condition:The heart doesn't get enough blood and oxygen, which can cause chest pain. A fast, slow, or uneven heartbeat (arrhythmia) develops. In rare cases, this can cause sudden death. The heart doesn't pump blood well, or it doesn't relax between beats as it should. In rare cases, this can lead to heart failure.People who exercise often and hard may have changes in their heart muscle that can be confused with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. This condition is called athlete's heart syndrome. It is harmless. When an athlete stops training, the heart will return to a normal size. What causes hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?Certain genes cause the heart to grow more than it should.

  2. Coronary Artery Disease - Exams and Tests

    To diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD), your health professional will complete a medical history and physical exam. Usually, the need for further testing depends on your risk factors and symptoms. Testing strategies also vary from doctor to doctor.If coronary artery disease is suspected, you may have tests to determine the diagnosis. The most common initial tests are electrocardiogram (EKG or .

  3. Ambulatory Electrocardiogram

    An ambulatory electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) records the electrical activity of your heart while you do your usual activities.

  4. Anticoagulants for Heart Valve Disease

    Drug details for Anticoagulants for aortic and mitral valve regurgitation.

  5. Heart Attack and Unstable Angina - Frequently Asked Questions

    Learning about heart attacks and unstable angina:What is a heart attack? What is unstable angina?What causes a heart attack?What are the symptoms of a heart attack?What increases my risk for a heart attack?What other conditions cause symptoms similar to a heart attack?Being diagnosed:When should I see my doctor?How is a heart attack diagnosed?How will my doctor diagnose chest pain?How will my ...

  6. Heart Problems: Living With a Pacemaker

    A pacemaker or an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) helps protect you against dangerous heart rhythms. It's important to know how these devices work and how to keep them working right. Learning a few important facts about pacemakers and ICDs can help you get the best results from your device. Key points Avoid strong magnetic and electrical fields. These can keep your device from ...

  7. Antiplatelet Medicine for Heart Attack and Unstable Angina

    Drug details for Other antiplatelet medications for heart attack and unstable angina.

  8. Living With Heart Failure

    Your attitude and level of participation in your treatment can strongly impact how you feel. Taking care of yourself will help you feel better and improve your health so that you can enjoy life. Taking your medicines as directed, controlling your diet, and getting regular exercise are lifestyle changes that are key to controlling heart failure symptoms and preventing sudden heart failure.Limit ...

  9. Carotid Artery Stenting

    Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is a procedure that can be used to open narrowed carotid arteries. It is also called carotid angioplasty and stenting. There are two carotid arteries-one on each side of the neck-that supply blood to the brain. Fatty buildup ( plaque ) can narrow or block these arteries (stenosis). When one or both of your carotid arteries are narrowed,it can make it hard for ...

  10. Topic Overview

    Right-sided heart failure means that the right side of the heart is not pumping blood to the lungs as well as normal. What happens to the heart? Most people develop heart failure because of a problem with the left ventricle. But reduced function of the right ventricle can also occur in heart failure. As blood begins to back up behind the failing left ventricle and into the lungs,it will ...

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