Angioplasty Safe Sans Surgical Backup
With Proper Safeguards, Angioplasty Centers Are Safe Even Without Heart Surgery Team, Study Shows
March 31, 2008 (Chicago) -- Angioplasty procedures to open clogged heart
arteries can be performed safely and successfully at medical centers that don't
have a heart surgery team on site in case of an emergency, a large study
But the findings should not be interpreted as an endorsement of that
practice, says researcher Michael A. Kutcher, MD, director of interventional
cardiology at Wake Forest University Health Sciences Center in Winston-Salem,
"Given a choice, I would still suggest going to a hospital with surgical
backup," he tells WebMD. "But it does offer some reassurance that
angioplasty can be safe [at centers without backup] -- if they have a very
structured process and a strong commitment to quality."
Kutcher and colleagues analyzed data on 9,029 patients who had angioplasty
at 61 centers without heart surgery backup and 299,132 patients at 404 centers
that had a heart surgery team on site. It's the largest study to look at the
The findings were presented at a meeting sponsored by the Society for
Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI), which was held in
conjunction with the American College of Cardiology (ACC) summit.
Angioplasty is a common treatment for coronary artery disease, in which
plaque builds up in the heart's arteries, making it harder for blood to get
through and depriving the heart muscle of oxygen. Untreated, it can lead to
heart attacks and chronic chest
pain that worsens when you exercise.
During angioplasty, a balloon at the end of a long tube is threaded through
an artery in the groin. An interventional cardiologist carefully
guides the probe up through the patient's leg and into the arteries of the
heart, where the balloon is inflated to open the vessel. An expandable wire
mesh tube called a stent is often inserted to keep the vessel open.
If you're in the throes of a ,
guidelines call for getting treatment at the closest medical center -- and the
new study doesn't change that.
But most angioplasties are scheduled, when the procedure is less urgent. In
these cases, it's recommended that heart surgeons be available to perform
bypass surgery in the rare -- but potentially fatal -- chance that an artery is
Some small hospitals argue that the guidelines are outdated, pointing out
that emergency bypass surgery is needed in only about 0.3% of angioplasty
patients. They say they need to include elective procedures in their mix in
order to survive economically and to keep staff skills high.
Kutcher says that despite a lack of studies showing it is safe, more and
more U.S. hospitals are performing angioplasty without surgical backup.
Well-Run Centers Studied
For the new study, the researchers looked at information from the National
Cardiovascular Data Registry, to which hospitals voluntarily submit data.