Coronary Artery Disease - Prevention
You can help prevent coronary artery disease by taking steps toward a heart-healthy lifestyle. A heart-healthy lifestyle can also help you reduce risk factors such as
high cholesterol and
high blood pressure.
- Quit smokingQuit smoking. Avoid secondhand smoke too. Quitting smoking may be the best thing you can do to
prevent heart disease.
- Exercise. There are lots of ways that
exercise boosts your heart health. It can improve cholesterol and blood pressure. It
can also help you reach a healthy weight. Talk to your doctor before
starting an exercise program to make sure that it's safe for you.
- Eat a heart-healthy diet. The way you eat
can help you control your cholesterol and blood pressure.
- Stay at a healthy weight. Being active and eating healthy foods can help you stay at a healthy weight or lose weight if you need to.
Control your cholesterol and blood pressure
To reduce your risk of heart disease, you'll need to
control your cholesterol and
manage your blood pressure. Quitting smoking, changing
the way you eat, and getting more exercise can help. But if these things don't
work well enough, you may need to take medicines too.
- High Cholesterol: Should I Take Statins?
- High Blood Pressure: Should I Take Medicine?
Use aspirin to prevent heart attack and stroke
If you're already at risk
for heart disease, taking daily
aspirin may reduce your chances of having a stroke or
a heart attack. That's because a daily aspirin lowers your risk of getting
blood clots. Blood clots can lead to a heart attack in people with heart
disease. Clots can also cause heart attacks in people who have other problems
that can lead to heart disease, such as
high blood pressure, and
Taking aspirin has
some risks. Talk with your doctor before starting aspirin treatment.
- Aspirin: Should I Take Daily Aspirin to Prevent a Heart Attack or Stroke?
Stress can hurt your heart.
Keep stress low by talking about your problems and feelings, rather than
keeping your feelings hidden. Try different ways to reduce stress, such as exercise, deep breathing, meditation, or