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Quit smoking and avoid secondhand smoke.
Smoking is a major risk factor for
peripheral arterial disease. Quitting smoking
may help prevent PAD or slow its progression. For more information on how to
stop smoking, see the topic
Take good care of your feet
and legs. When you have reduced blood flow to your legs, even minor injuries
can lead to serious infections.
Treat wounds, cuts, and scrapes on your legs right
away. Poor blood flow to the legs caused by PAD can keep wounds, cuts, and scrapes from healing properly. Prompt treatment can help you avoid this
problem and is especially important for people who also have
Avoid shoes that are too tight or that rub your feet.
Shoes should be comfortable and fit well. Avoid socks or stockings that are
tight enough to leave elastic-band marks on your legs. They can make circulation problems and symptoms from PAD worse.
feet clean and moisturized to prevent your skin from drying and cracking. Place
cotton or lamb's wool between your toes to prevent rubbing and to absorb
If open sores form, keep them dry and cover them with
nonstick bandages. See your doctor as soon as you discover an open sore.