Heartburn is caused by acid reflux when stomach acid splashes from the stomach up into the esophagus. Heartburn triggers differ from person to person, but most people have similar heartburn symptoms.
A burning feeling in the chest just behind the breastbone that occurs after eating and lasts a few minutes to several hours.
Chest pain, especially after bending over, lying down, or eating. Remember, you should see your doctor right away for any unexplained chest pain. Don't assume it's heartburn until your doctor tells you it is.
Burning in the throat -- or hot, sour, acidic or salty-tasting fluid at the back of the throat.
Feeling of food "sticking" in the middle of the chest or throat.
Heartburn may cause chronic cough, sore throat, or chronic hoarseness.
Reporting these symptoms is usually all that is needed for your doctor to make the diagnosis of heartburn. However, your doctor may perform special tests to determine the severity of your problem or to monitor your treatment. Special tests may also be needed if you have severe acid reflux or unusual symptoms such as weight loss.
Chest pain is one of the most common reasons a person goes to the emergency room. While many of these people are suffering from a heart attack, some actually may have severe heartburn.
Often, the pain caused by a heart attack and during a severe heartburn episode is so difficult to distinguish that sophisticated medical testing is needed to determine whether or not you are having a heart attack. To complicate matters even more, the two problems have many of the same symptoms and occur in similar types of people (For example, older age and overweight people.)
Signs more typical of heartburn include:
A sharp, burning sensation just below the breastbone or ribs.
Pain generally does not radiate to the shoulders, neck, or arms, but it can.
Pain usually comes after meals, when lying on the back, when exercising or when experiencing anxiety.