Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by an infection with the hepatitis C virus. The liver becomes inflamed and swollen and stops working as it should. Hepatitis C is a serious disease because the liver is needed to remove toxins that build up in the blood. Hepatitis C can destroy the liver and cause cirrhosis and death. It is the main cause of liver transplants in the world.
After being infected with the hepatitis C virus, 75%-85% of people will develop a chronic, long-term, infection. Once chronic hepatitis C infection develops, 80% of people will develop chronic liver disease.
It is possible that the main title of the report Hepatitis B is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Each year, about 22,000 Americans become infected with the hepatitis C virus. About 3.2 million Americans have a chronic infection. The hepatitis C virus is one of the most common causes of long-lasting liver disease in the U.S.
There are several ways to get infected with hepatitis C, including:
Sharing needles for injection drug use
Accidentally getting pricked by a needle contaminated by infected blood; this sometimes happens to medical workers.
Being born to a mother with hepatitis C infection
Getting a blood transfusion from someone with hepatitis C infection. Before 1992, blood could not be tested for hepatitis C. Since 1992, all blood donated in the U.S. gets tested for the virus. If you had a blood transfusion or organ transplant before June 1992, ask your health care provider about being tested for hepatitis C.