Skip to content

HIV & AIDS Health Center

HIV: Is a Cure in Reach?

Font Size
A
A
A
By Amanda Gardner
WebMD Feature

Researchers remain hopeful that they're heading in the right direction to finding a cure for HIV/AIDS.

Two babies who were treated as infants for HIV lived for years without any signs of the virus.

Recommended Related to HIV/AIDS

The Top 10 Myths and Misconceptions About HIV and AIDS

For nearly 30 years, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) have been shrouded in myths and misconceptions. In some cases, these mistaken ideas have prompted the very behaviors that cause more people to become HIV-positive. Although unanswered questions about HIV remain, researchers have learned a great deal. Here are the top ten myths about HIV, along with the facts to dispute them.

Read the The Top 10 Myths and Misconceptions About HIV and AIDS article > >

Now, one of them is testing positive for HIV again.   

But the treatments at least held the virus at bay for a while -- and that could lead to changes in treatments for people recently infected.  

Where HIV Hides

Usually, babies who might be HIV positive get medications to prevent the virus. Only when two tests come back positive are they switched to drugs that treat HIV. By this time, a baby could be 2 or more weeks old.

Sometimes doctors take a different approach, though. A baby from Mississippi received treatment medications just 30 hours after birth, and another baby from California was treated when she was only 4 hours old.

The baby in California is still HIV-negative almost a year after birth. The Mississippi baby tested HIV-free for more than 2 years, but is now HIV-positive again. Her mother had stopped giving her medication when the baby was 18-months old.

Scientists hoped giving strong treatment medications so soon after birth would get rid of HIV hiding in the body, or prevent it from forming.

But the news isn't completely unexpected, says Robert Siliciano, MD, PhD, professor of medicine in the infectious diseases department at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

He says it supports the theory that HIV cells stay in the body, just out of view in a hidden "reservoir." 

"Curing HIV infection is going to require strategies to eliminate this reservoir," says Siliciano.  

HIV/AIDS expert Anthony Fauci, MD, executive director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), calls the news disappointing "for the patient, the patient’s family, and the researchers." But he says what they learned will help HIV/AIDS research. "I certainly don’t think it’s an advance, but I don’t think it’s a setback,” he says.

Earlier Treatment

People who have HIV should get treated as soon as they know. Now that may mean even earlier.

Today on WebMD

misconception
How much do you know?
contemplative man
What to do now.
 
research
Should you be tested?
HIV under microscope
What does it mean?
 
HIV AIDS Screening
Slideshow
man opening condom wrapper
Quiz
 
HIV AIDS Treatment
Feature
Discrimination Stigma
Feature
 
Treatment Side Effects
Feature
grilled chicken and vegetables
Article
 
obese man standing on scale
Article
cold sore
Article
 

WebMD Special Sections