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    Federal Plan Focuses on 'Realistic' Youth AIDS-Prevention Programs


    To do something about this growing problem, the recommendations say that, among other things:

    • The federal government should ensure adequate funding for youth-focused HIV prevention. This will require new funding, redirection of existing resources, and more attention to high-risk youth.
    • More schools should have quality HIV prevention programs. The CDC should support and coordinate such programs in the 15,000 school districts in the U.S. Only programs that have been proven to be effective should be used. Five such programs are listed on a CDC web site:
    • Community-based HIV-prevention services should include making condoms readily accessible, and this should be advertised in the media.
    • AIDS prevention should be integrated into after-school programs, church programs, juvenile-justice programs, and one-on-one encounters with general-practice health care providers.
    • STD education, screening, and treatment should be provided to all youth who need them.
    • The federal government should develop a program to provide routine, voluntary HIV testing and counseling for at-risk youth.
    • Voluntary HIV testing should become a routine component of health care.
    • More federal AIDS resources should be directed toward young people.
    • Incentives, such as scholarships and loan-repayment programs, should be used to recruit new health care professionals to treat young people with HIV.
    • The federal government should increase AIDS research that is specific to teen-agers.

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