Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection - Topic Overview
Treatment has become much easier to follow
over the past few years. New combination medicines include two or three
different medicines in one pill. Many people with HIV get the treatment they
need by taking just one or two pills a day.
Don't use illegal drugs, and limit your use
Learn all you can about HIV so you can take an active
role in your treatment. Your doctor can help you understand HIV and how best to
treat it. Also, consider joining an HIV support group. Support groups can be a
great place to share information and emotions about HIV infection.
How can you prevent HIV?
HIV can be spread by
people whether they know they are infected or not. To protect yourself and others:
Practice safe sex. Use a condom every time
you have sex (including oral sex) until you are sure you and your partner are
not infected with HIV or other sexually transmitted infection (STI).
Don't have more than one sex partner at a
time. The safest sex is with one partner who has sex only with
Talk to your partner before you have sex the first time. Find
out if he or she is at risk for HIV. Get tested together and retested 6 months
later. Use condoms in the meantime.
Don't drink a lot of alcohol
or use illegal drugs before sex. You might let down your guard and not practice