High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, affects African-Americans in unique ways:
African-Americans develop high blood pressure at younger ages than other groups in the U.S.
African-Americans are more likely to develop complications associated with high blood pressure. These problems include stroke, kidney disease, blindness, dementia, and heart disease.
Why is high blood pressure in African-Americans so common? If you are African-American, what can you do to avoid developing high blood pressure? Find out how you can protect yourself from this serious health condition.
If you're like most people with high blood pressure, drugs are a major part of your plan to lower your blood pressure. Your doctor's goal is to find the right combination of high blood pressure medicines that accomplishes these goals:
Lowers your high blood pressure to normal levels
Is easy to take
Has few or no side effects
How can you work with your doctor to make sure your high blood pressure medicine is meeting these goals? Perhaps these 10 tips can help.
Why Is High Blood Pressure Common in African-Americans?
To date, researchers do not have a definitive answer to this question, but some believe that high blood pressure in African-Americans may be triggered by the following factors:
Genetic factors. High rates of high blood pressure in African-Americans may be due to the genetic make-up of people of African descent. Researchers have uncovered some facts: In the U.S, blacks respond differently to high blood pressure drugs than do other groups of people. Blacks in the U.S. also seem to be more sensitive to salt, which increases the risk of developing high blood pressure.
Environmental factors. Some scientists believe that high blood pressure in African-Americans is due to factors unique to the experience of blacks in the U.S. Blacks worldwide have rates of high blood pressure that are similar to whites. In the U.S., however, the difference is dramatic: 41% of blacks have high blood pressure, as compared to 27% of whites. In addition, black people in the U.S are more likely to be overweight than blacks in other countries. Some experts think that social and economic factors -- including discrimination and economic inequality -- are responsible for this difference.
Researchers will hopefully find the causes for the high incidence of high blood pressure in African-Americans. In the meantime, there is a lot you can do to keep high blood pressure from damaging your health.
High Blood Pressure Risk Factors for African-Americans
Being African-American is a risk factor for developing high blood pressure. Others include:
A family history of high blood pressure
High dietary salt and fat
Low intake of potassium
The more risk factors you have, the more likely it is that you have high blood pressure or will develop it in the future. Take steps now to find out more. Even if you don't have high blood pressure, you can lower your risk by following the treatment guidelines for high blood pressure in African-Americans.