- Drinking more than 2 alcoholic drinks a day for men or more than 1 alcoholic drink a day for women.
- Eating a lot of sodium (salt).
- Being overweight or obese.
- Not exercising.
- Being under a lot of stress.
- Eating a diet low in potassium, magnesium, and calcium.
Secondary high blood pressure, which is caused by another disease or medicine, is less common.
Elevated blood pressure readings may not always mean that you have high blood pressure. For some people, just being in a medical setting causes their blood pressure to rise. This is called white-coat hypertension.